Mobility, Skills, and the Michigan Non-Compete Experiment

  title={Mobility, Skills, and the Michigan Non-Compete Experiment},
  author={Matt Marx and Deborah Strumsky and Lee Fleming},
  journal={Manag. Sci.},
Whereas a number of studies have considered the implications of employee mobility, comparatively little research has considered institutional factors governing the ability of employees to move from one firm to another. This paper explores a legal constraint on mobility---employee non-compete agreements---by exploiting Michigan's apparently inadvertent 1985 reversal of its non-compete enforcement policy as a natural experiment. Using a differences-in-differences approach, and controlling for… 

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