Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution

@article{Kazazian2004MobileED,
  title={Mobile Elements: Drivers of Genome Evolution},
  author={Haig H. Kazazian},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={303},
  pages={1626 - 1632}
}
Mobile elements within genomes have driven genome evolution in diverse ways. Particularly in plants and mammals, retrotransposons have accumulated to constitute a large fraction of the genome and have shaped both genes and the entire genome. Although the host can often control their numbers, massive expansions of retrotransposons have been tolerated during evolution. Now mobile elements are becoming useful tools for learning more about genome evolution and gene function. 
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Transposable elements (TEs) are mobile and mostly repetitive genetic elements, which are ubiquitously distributed throughout all kingdoms. They are able to change their position within the genome and
Modulation of host genes by mammalian transposable elements.
TLDR
The consequences of exaptation of sequences originated in tansposable elements with focus on events that influence protein coding genes are discussed.
A Review on Transposons and its Utilization as Genetic Tool
Transposable elements (jumping genes, insertion sequences or mobile DNA elements) are short sequences of DNA that can move from one location to the other in the genome, often making duplicate copies
The ecology of the genome — mobile DNA elements and their hosts
TLDR
An analogy is developed between the components of the genome, including mobile DNA elements, and an ecological community.
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TLDR
The review considers the distribution of MEs from different classes in various genomes, individual chromosomes, and chromatin types and thinks that ME invasion and subsequent amplification act as a main morphogenetic factor ensuring adaptation of populations to environmental changes and, in some cases, cause rapid speciation.
Transposable elements and their identification.
TLDR
An overview of transposable elements (TEs) biodiversity and their impact on genomic evolution is presented.
The Contribution of Transposable Elements to Human Proteins
TLDR
The human genome contains hundreds of genes with protein-coding exons and even complete open reading frames derived from transposable elements, demonstrating the importance of transposability elements as a genomic pool of coding sequences for the creation and evolution of gene functions.
Role of Horizontal Gene Transfer in Evolution of the Plant Genome
TLDR
This chapter focuses on the mechanism of contacts between two species, vectors, and acquisition of genetic elements, and also discusses the possible impacts on the evolution of plants.
Horizontal Transfers and the New Model of TE-Driven Genome Evolution in Eukaryotes
TLDR
It is proposed that the horizontal transfer of transposable elements (HTTs) is a key mechanism of long-term survival of TEs in eukaryotic genomes, by allowing TEs to escape from the silencing machinery of their host genome.
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