Mixture toxicity of microcystin-LR, paraoxon and bromadiolone in Xenopus laevis embryos.

OBJECTIVES Apart from infections and habitat loss, environmental pollution is another major factor of global decline of amphibians. Using the model of Xenopus laevis embryos, we test the hypothesis that combined exposure of amphibians to natural toxins and anthropogenic pollutants induces more pronounced adverse effects than single exposures. METHODS… CONTINUE READING