Mixing of Condensable Constituents with H–He during the Formation and Evolution of Jupiter

@article{Stevenson2022MixingOC,
  title={Mixing of Condensable Constituents with H–He during the Formation and Evolution of Jupiter},
  author={David J. Stevenson and Peter H. Bodenheimer and Jack J. Lissauer and Gennaro D’Angelo},
  journal={The Planetary Science Journal},
  year={2022},
  volume={3}
}
Simulations of Jupiter's formation are presented that incorporate mixing of H–He with denser material entering the planet as solids. Heavy compounds and gas mix substantially when the planet becomes roughly as massive as Earth, because incoming planetesimals can fully vaporize. Supersaturation of vaporized silicates causes the excess to sink as droplets, but water remains at higher altitudes. Because the mean molecular weight decreases rapidly outward, some of the compositional inhomogeneities… 
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