Mixed transcortical aphsia. On relative sparing of phonological short-term store in a case

@article{Trojano1988MixedTA,
  title={Mixed transcortical aphsia. On relative sparing of phonological short-term store in a case},
  author={Luigi Trojano and Nina Antonetta Fragassi and Alfredo Postiglione and Dario Grossi},
  journal={Neuropsychologia},
  year={1988},
  volume={26},
  pages={633-638}
}
A case of Mixed Transcortical Aphasia is reported. The patient showed completely impaired verbal comprehension and speech production, with preservation of automatic speaking and singing; repetition was relatively spared. A detailed study of word and nonword repetition is reported, in order to demonstrate that the patient's residual repetition ability is based on relative sparing of short-term phonological store. 
Phonological and Articulatory Impairment in Alzheimer's Disease: A Case Series
We demonstrate that phonological and articulatory impairments may occur at presentation or early in the course of Alzheimer's disease, contrary to claims that these aspects of language production areExpand
Arcuate fasciculus variability and repetition: The left sometimes can be right
TLDR
It is suggested that the AF and other white matter bundles are the anatomical signatures of language repetition and that individual variability in their anatomy and lateralisation may explain negative cases. Expand
Unexpected brain-language relationships in aphasia: Evidence from transcortical sensory aphasia associated with frontal lobe lesions
The syndrome of transcortical sensory aphasia (TCSA) is usually associated with extraperisylvian lesions of the left hemisphere that involve either posterior cortical regions (temporal-occipitalExpand
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with mixed transcortical aphasia: insights into echolalia.
TLDR
Observation in this patient and a review of the literature suggest that frontal-subcortical circuit dysfunction may contribute to the syndrome of echolalia, and offers an alternative explanation to "isolation" of the speech area as the cause of MTA. Expand
Activation of language cortex with automatic speech tasks
TLDR
The results caution against the use of common automatic speech tasks for mapping eloquent cortex and suggest an alternative task for those with poor language abilities or acquired dysphasia who cannot perform standardized language tests reliably. Expand
Brain SPECT imaging in transcortical aphasias: the functional status of the left perisylvian language cortex *
TLDR
Findings demonstrate not only that the left PLC may be structurally and functionally damaged among patients with TAs, but additionally suggest a major contribution of the right hemisphere in the mediation of residual language repetition. Expand
Object naming is a more sensitive measure of speech localization than number counting: Converging evidence from direct cortical stimulation and fMRI
TLDR
Both cortical stimulation testing and fMRI suggest that automated speech tasks such as number counting may not fully engage putative language networks and therefore are not optimal for language localization for surgical planning. Expand
Isolation of speech area syndrome (ISAS): a follow-up study--a rehabilitative approach.
TLDR
Despite the common belief that the prognosis for language rehabilitation for patients with ISAS is poor, it is found that some ISAS patients improved, even dramatically, after prolonged language treatment. Expand
On the differential nature of induced and incidental echolalia in autism.
TLDR
The echolalic phenomenon is an expression of dependence on the environment and may occur in a situation in which the autistic person is participating in a communicative act and, lacking inhibitory control, repeats the other's communication rather than selecting an answer. Expand
Atypical interoception as a common risk factor for psychopathology: A review
TLDR
Current research on the contribution of interoception to numerous cognitive and affective abilities (in both typical and clinical populations) is outlined, and the interoceptive atypicalities seen in a range of psychiatric conditions are described. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-9 OF 9 REFERENCES
Fractionation of working memory: Neuropsychological evidence for a phonological short-term store
A patient with grossly defective short-term memory but fluent speech was studied in order to pinpoint the locus of the deficit. Her immediate memory for consonant sequences showed a clearExpand
Disruption of short-term memory by unattended speech : Implications for the structure of working memory
A series of experiments studied the effect of unattended speech on immediate memory for visually presented digits. Memory performance showed clear impairment, with the degree of impairment being aExpand
The Problem of Repetition: A Study of “Conduction” Aphasia and the “Isolation” Syndrome
TLDR
This work explains conduction aphasia and the isolation syndrome from the standpoint of a more dynamic theory of language organization, which has implications for understanding of anatomical relationships "between" the speech areas. Expand
A case of mixed transcortical aphasia with intact naming.
TLDR
Observations suggest that comprehension of written language is mediated by a different pathway than the recognition of visually presented objects. Expand
[Isolation syndrome of the language area. Neuropsychologic and pathologic study].
TLDR
A 60 year-old patient in whom spontaneous language was abolished still had a marked capacity for completing phrases and an irrepressible echolalia, and the perisylvian language areas were intact. Expand
Left medial parietal lobe and receptive language functions
TLDR
It seems likely that theleft medial parietal lobe has receptive language functions analogous to the motor language functions of the left medial frontal lobe, thus accounting for the mixed transcortical aphasia observed in the patient whose left anterior cerebral artery infarction involved both the medialParietal and medial frontal lobes. Expand
Isolation of the Speech Area
The credit for discovering this remarkable patient and for studying her so carefully over many years goes to Dr. Fred Quadfasel, who also demonstrated her remarkable capacity for verbal learning.Expand
Isolation of speech area from focal brain ischemia.
TLDR
A patient with atrial fibrillation and internal carotid artery occlusion developed mixed transcortical aphasia and the syndrome of isolation of speech area may be caused by vascular conditions which are able to produce simultaneous pial artery and watershed infarcts. Expand
A clinical and psychological study of echo-reactions.
  • E. Stengel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of mental science
  • 1947
TLDR
The various phases which echolalia and the associated completion phenomenon undergoes in the course of the evolution and re-evolution of speech have been demonstrated and a new interpretation of echo-reactions in schizophrenia has been advanced. Expand