Mixed-methods development of a new patient-reported outcome instrument for chronic low back pain: part 1—the Patient Assessment for Low Back Pain - Symptoms (PAL-S)

@inproceedings{Martin2018MixedmethodsDO,
  title={Mixed-methods development of a new patient-reported outcome instrument for chronic low back pain: part 1—the Patient Assessment for Low Back Pain - Symptoms (PAL-S)},
  author={Mona L. Martin and Steven I. Blum and Hiltrud Liedgens and Donald M. Bushnell and Kelly Mccarrier and No{\"e}l V. Hatley and Abhilasha Ramasamy and Rainer Freynhagen and Mark S. Wallace and Charles E. Argoff and Mariёlle Eerdekens and Maurits Kok and Donald L Patrick},
  booktitle={Pain},
  year={2018}
}
We describe the mixed-methods (qualitative and quantitative) development and preliminary validation of the Patient Assessment for Low Back Pain-Symptoms (PAL-S), a patient-reported outcome measure for use in chronic low back pain (cLBP) clinical trials. Qualitative methods (concept elicitation and cognitive interviews) were used to identify and refine… CONTINUE READING