Mixed Embeddedness: (In)formal Economic Activities and Immigrant Businesses in the Netherlands

@article{Kloosterman1999MixedE,
  title={Mixed Embeddedness: (In)formal Economic Activities and Immigrant Businesses in the Netherlands},
  author={Robert C. Kloosterman and Joanne van der Leun and J. C. Rath},
  journal={International Journal of Urban and Regional Research},
  year={1999},
  volume={23},
  pages={252-266}
}
Immigrants from non-industrialized countries have become part and parcel of the social fabric of many advanced urban economies, including those in the Netherlands. A significant number of these migrants opt for setting up shop themselves. Lacking access to large financial resources and mostly lacking in educational qualifications, they are funnelled towards the lower end of the opportunity structure of these urban economies. To survive in these cut-throat markets, many migrant entrepreneurs… 

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