Mitral valve repair in a patient with mesocardia.

Abstract

A 75-year-old man was referred for treatment of mitral valve prolapse secondary to tendon rupture. He had been receiving oral and inhaled corticosteroids for bronchial asthma and bronchial ectasia. Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly with protrusion of the right atrium shadow. Computed tomography revealed dislocation and counterclockwise rotation of the heart with the apex of the heart located in the mid-thorax, indicating mesocardia. We believed that it would have been difficult to expose the mitral valve through a right-sided left atrial approach. Thus, we planned to perform mitral valve repair via a trans-septal approach. The right thoracotomy approach was not suitable because of respiratory dysfunction. After a median sternotomy, the left anterior descending coronary artery was identified just beneath the midline of the sternum. Even after decompression of the heart under cardiopulmonary bypass, we could not obtain a good view of the right side of the left atrium. By a transseptal approach with a self-retaining retractor and atrial hooks, we obtained adequate exposure of the mitral valve and performed the mitral valve repair uneventfully.

DOI: 10.5761/atcs.cr.13-00097

Cite this paper

@article{Morisaki2014MitralVR, title={Mitral valve repair in a patient with mesocardia.}, author={Akimasa Morisaki and Koji Hattori and Manabu Motoki and Yosuke Takahashi and Shinsuke Nishimura and Toshihiko Shibata}, journal={Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia}, year={2014}, volume={20 Suppl}, pages={734-7} }