Mitogenic effects of growth hormone in cultured human fibroblasts. Evidence for action via local insulin-like growth factor I production.

We examined human growth hormone's (hGH) effect on mitogenesis in cultured human fibroblasts, and the role of local insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). With 0.5% human hypopituitary serum (HPS), hGH increased thymidine incorporation (TI) over serum-free medium dose responsively, with half-maximal effect at 10 ng/ml (0.5 nM) (hGH 127 +/- 8.8%; IGF-I 107… (More)