Mitochondrio‐nuclear translocation of AIF in apoptosis and necrosis

@article{Daugas2000MitochondrionuclearTO,
  title={Mitochondrio‐nuclear translocation of AIF in apoptosis and necrosis},
  author={Eric Daugas and Santos A. Susin and Naoufal Zamzami and Karine F. Ferri and Theano Irinopoulou and Nathanael Larochette and Marie-Christine Prevost and Brian F. Leber and David William Andrews and Josef M. Penninger and Guido Kroemer},
  journal={The FASEB Journal},
  year={2000},
  volume={14},
  pages={729 - 739}
}
Apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) is a novel apoptotic effector protein that induces chro‐matin condensation and large‐scale (—50 kbp) DNA fragmentation when added to purified nuclei in vitro. Confocal and electron microscopy reveal that, in normal cells, AIF is strictly confined to mitochondria and thus colocalizes with heat shock protein 60 (hsp60). On induction of apoptosis by staurosporin, c‐Myc, etoposide, or ceramide, AIF (but not hsp60) translocates to the nucleus. This suggests that only… 

Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF): key to the conserved caspase-independent pathways of cell death?

The crystal structures of both human and mouse AIF have been determined, and the fine mechanisms accounting for its oxidoreductase activity and its electrostatic interaction with double-stranded DNA have been elucidated, indicating the central role of mitochondria in the control of physiological and pathological cell demise.

Dominant cell death induction by extramitochondrially targeted apoptosis‐inducing factor

  • M. LoefflerE. Daugas G. Kroemer
  • Biology
    FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
  • 2001
Extramitochondrially targeted AIF is a dominant cell death inducer and can favor permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane.

HSP72 inhibits apoptosis-inducing factor release in ATP-depleted renal epithelial cells.

It is suggested that mitochondrial membrane injury and subsequent AIF release contribute to nuclear injury and apoptosis in ATP-depleted renal cells and selective overexpression of human HSP72 reduced the leakage of mitochondrial AIF in a dose-dependent manner.

Nuclear translocation of endonuclease G and apoptosis-inducing factor during acetaminophen-induced liver cell injury.

The data support the conclusion that endonuclease G and AIF translocate to the nucleus in response to AAP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and may be responsible, at least in part, for the initial DNA fragmentation during AAP hepatotoxicity.

NADH Oxidase Activity of Mitochondrial Apoptosis-inducing Factor*

Biochemical characterization of AIF's redox activity indicates that AIF has a marked oxidoreductase activity which can be dissociated from its apoptosis-inducing function.

Distinct hsp70 Domains Mediate Apoptosis-inducing Factor Release and Nuclear Accumulation*

It is demonstrated that mitochondrial protection against bax-mediated injury requires both intact chaperone and ATPase functions, whereas the ATPase domain is critical for sequestering leaked AIF in the cytosol.

Possible contribution of apoptosis‐inducing factor (AIF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) to UVB‐induced caspase‐independent cell death in the T cell line Jurkat

It is suggested that caspase‐dependent and ‐independent pathways were involved in UVB‐induced cell death in Jurkat cells, and the mitochondrio‐nuclear translocation of AIF was associated with the latter pathway.

Steroid Receptor Coactivator-interacting Protein (SIP) Inhibits Caspase-independent Apoptosis by Preventing Apoptosis-inducing Factor (AIF) from Being Released from Mitochondria*

It is reported that steroid receptor coactivator-interacting protein (SIP) interacts directly with AIF in mitochondria and specifically inhibits caspase-independent and AIF-dependent apoptosis.
...

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