Mitochondrial sequence analysis of Salamandra taxa suggests old splits of major lineages and postglacial recolonizations of Central Europe from distinct source populations of Salamandra salamandra

  title={Mitochondrial sequence analysis of Salamandra taxa suggests old splits of major lineages and postglacial recolonizations of Central Europe from distinct source populations of Salamandra salamandra},
  author={Sebastian Steinfartz and Michael Veith and Diethard Tautz},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
Representatives of the genus Salamandra occur in Europe, Northern Africa and the Near East. Many local variants are known but species and subspecies status of these is still a matter of dispute. We have analysed samples from locations covering the whole expansion range of Salamandra by sequence analysis of mitochondrial D‐loop regions. In addition, we have calibrated the rate of divergence of the D‐loop on the basis of geologically dated splits of the closely related genus Euproctus… 

Phylogeographic relationships and shallow mitochondrial divergence of Algerian populations of Salamandra algira

A first analysis of the phylogeography of this species in Algeria is provided, based on 44 samples from populations distributed across 15 localities in Central Algeria, which sequenced three segments of mitochondrial DNA, covering 12S rRNA, cytochrome b (Cytb) and the D-loop.

Phylogenomic inference of species and subspecies diversity in the Palearctic salamander genus Salamandra.

Phylogeography of an Italian endemic salamander (genus Salamandrina): glacial refugia, postglacial expansions, and secondary contact

Analysis of nucleotide variation at mitochondrial and nuclear genes in 223 individuals from 56 locations revealed the existence of three and two genetically distinct groups of populations in northern and southern salamander, respectively.

Evaluating gene flow and habitat connectivity between Salamandra salamandra lineages across heterogeneous landscapes

The existence of multiple isolated refugia in southern Iberia, S. longirostris and other subspecies, and nuclear admixture was detected in two different contact zones, presenting a possible scenario for nuclear introgression under the hypothesis of male-biased dispersal are supported.

Hybridization of two ancient salamander lineages: molecular evidence for endemic spectacled salamanders on the Apennine peninsula

The results suggest that hybridization between these two ancient lineages produces viable and fertile offspring, highlighting the need for research on possible mechanisms that prevent the intermixing and hybridization of parental species on a broader geographical scale.

On glacial refugia, genetic diversity, and microevolutionary processes: deep phylogeographical structure in the endemic newt Lissotriton italicus1

It is suggested that the occurrence of phases of allopatric divergence (eventually followed by secondary admixture) could be a common, albeit probably underrated feature in the history of formation of hotspots of intraspecific diversity.

A new subspecies of African fire salamander Salamandra algira (Urodela, Salamandridae) from the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco

A new subspecies within the Salamandra algira species complex from north-western Africa is described: SalamandraAlgira atlanticassp.


It is concluded that viviparity likely arose only once within Iberian Salamandra salamandra and a combination of range shifts due to climatic fluctuations and biased genetic admixture across moving contact zones fits a model of mtDNA capture.




A phylogenetic analysis of the Ambystoma tigrinum complex is presented, based on approximately 840 base pairs of mitochondrial‐DNA sequence from the rapidly evolving D‐loop and an adjacent intron, which suggests that these eight lineages diverged during a period of rapid cladogenesis.

Influence of the Guadalquivir River Basin on mitochondrial DNA evolution of Salamandra salamandra (Caudata: Salamandridae) from southern Spain

The western region of the Mediterranean Basin has experienced dramatic physiogeographic changes over the last 23 myr during the Miocene and Pliocene periods (L6pez Martinez, 1989). These geologic

Molecular biogeography: using the Corsica‐Sardinia microplate disjunction to calibrate mitochondrial rDNA evolutionary rates in mountain newts (Euproctus)

These are the first mt‐rDNA sequence data for salamanders and were used to reconstruct phylogenetic trees, investigate evolutionary rates for these genes, calibrate them with absolute time since divergence, and compare rates with published ones.

Mitochondrial DNA variability in viviparous and ovoviviparous populations of the urodele Salamandra salamandra

A genetic model system where the acquisition of water independence from a primitively aquatic dependent amphibian life cycle can be analyzed from a microevolutionary perspective is outlined.

Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe

A Brooks parsimony analysis produced an unrooted area phylogram, showing that: (i) the northern regions were colonized generally from the Iberic and Balkanic refugia; and (ii) the Italian lineages were often isolated due to the presence of the Alpine barrier.

A Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective on the Evolutionary Radiation of the Salamander Family Salamandridae

Phylogenetic relationships were examined within the salamander family Salamandridae using 18 species representing 14 salamandrid genera and six outgroup taxa from the families Ambystomatidae, Dicamptodontidae, Plethodont families, and Proteidae to test hypotheses of adaptation in the evolution of aquatic suction feeding and terrestrial feeding featuring tongue protrusion.

Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation and phylogeography among Salmo trutta L. (Greek brown trout) populations

Phylogenetic analyses revealed four major phylogenetic groups, three of which were found widely distributed within the southern Balkan region, and the genetic relationships among the populations suggested by mtDNA were generally not in accordance with either allozyme or morphological data.

The fire salamander, Salamandra salamandra L., in central Europe: subspecies distribution and intergradation

  • M. Veith
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 1992
The dorsal pattern is ruled out as an indicator for the detection of hybrid populations and a comparison between allozyme data and morphognostical data (drawn from literature) on the dorsal pattern indicates a discordance between the two data sets.

Mitochondrial DNA rates and biogeography in European newts (genus Euproctus).

The data suggest that the cladogenic events leading to species formation in Euproctus and Triturus occurred very closely in time, indicating that the two genera may not be monophyletic.

Morphological and allozyme studies of midwife toads (genus Alytes), including the description of two new taxa from Spain

Allozyme variation in 31 to 50 presumptive loci of 12 populations of European midwife toads of the genus Alytes show appreciable genetic divergences among four groups, and a phylogenetic analysis of allozyme data using A. cisternasii as the outgroup supports a sister taxon relationship between A. muletensis and A. obstetricans.