Mitochondrial DNA genetic diversity in six Italian donkey breeds (Equus asinus)

@article{Cozzi2018MitochondrialDG,
  title={Mitochondrial DNA genetic diversity in six Italian donkey breeds (Equus asinus)},
  author={Maria Cristina Cozzi and Paolo Valiati and Raffaele Cherchi and Erica Gorla and Raphaelle Teresa Matilde Maria Prinsen and Maria Longeri and Alessandro Bagnato and Maria Giuseppina Strillacci},
  journal={Mitochondrial DNA Part A},
  year={2018},
  volume={29},
  pages={409 - 418}
}
Donkeys have played an important role in agricultural land practices and in human historical periods of recent past and, still today, are used as a working power in several world areas. [] Key Result Fifteen haplotypes, grouped in three haplogroups, were identified. The genetic indices were informative and showed a high population genetic variability.
Genetic Characterization of Native Donkey (Equus asinus) Populations of Turkey Using Microsatellite Markers
TLDR
The results revealed a highly mixed genotype of all the examined donkeys, suggesting that two different group of breeds can be distinguished from each other on the basis of microsatellite markers, and a clear separation between Clade I and Clade II populations.
Genetic variability of Akhal-Teke horses bred in Italy
TLDR
Nucleic markers showed a high degree of polymorphism and a low inbreeding level in Italian horses, compared to other AKH populations, and high variability was also recorded in the D-Loop region.
Maternal Phylogenetic Relationships and Genetic Variation among Rare, Phenotypically Similar Donkey Breeds
TLDR
It is found that the primeval haplotypes, haplogroup variability, and a large number of maternal lineages were preserved in MF and RG; thus, these breeds play putative pivotal roles in the phyletic relationships of donkey breeds.
Mitochondrial Sequence Variation, Haplotype Diversity, and Relationships Among Dromedary Camel-Types
TLDR
Non-metric multidimensional scaling revealed an increased similarity among Arabian Peninsula “Mezayen” camel-types, despite their defining coat colors, which can partly be explained by mtDNA.
I nternational J ournal of V eterinary S cience Genetic Diversity of Donkey (Equus asinus) by Mitochondrial DNA (mt-DNA) Analysis
TLDR
It is assumed that domestic donkeys were introduced to South Korea via China originated from the Somali wild ass breeds of northern region.
Different maternal lineages revealed by ancient mitochondrial genome of Camelus bactrianus from China
TLDR
Bayesian skyline plot (BSP) analysis suggest a slow increase in female effective population size of C. bactrianus from 5000 years ago, which corresponds to the beginning of domestication ofC.
Maternal phylogenetic relationships and genetic variation among rare similar phenotype donkey breeds
TLDR
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequencing is a highly informative system to investigate maternal lineages and breed linkage such as molecular evolution and phylogenetic relationships and a putative pivotal role in the phyletic relationship is likely for such breeds.
Genetic and Population Structure of Croatian Local Donkey Breeds
TLDR
Analysis of pedigrees and mtDNA has shown that the Littoral-Dinaric donkey and Istrian donkey breeds belong to the Equus asinus africanus group, and showed no evidence of high inbreeding or genetic bottleneck in both breeds.
Genetics, Evolution, and Physiology of Donkeys and Mules.
  • M. Brosnahan
  • Medicine
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice
  • 2019
Banat donkey, a neglected donkey breed from the central Balkans (Serbia)
TLDR
A comparative analysis of 18 morphological traits of the Banat donkey, Balkan donkey and the potential hybrids is performed, revealing that, although severely depopulated, the genetically distinct Banat Donkey is not severely affected by the loss of genetic diversity and inbreeding.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Genetic Diversity and Variability in two Italian Autochthonous Donkey Genetic Types Assessed by Microsatellite Markers
TLDR
Results obtained in this study suggest that the loss of genetic variation observed in VD could mainly derive from unnoticed sub-population structuring (Wahlund effect), rather than to other factors such as inbreeding, null alleles or selection influence.
Mitochondrial D-loop sequence variation among Italian horse breeds
TLDR
The results could be interpreted as showing the mixed origin of breeds bred in Italy and probably indicate the presence of many ancient maternal lineages with high diversity in mtDNA sequences.
Ancient DNA provides new insight into the maternal lineages and domestication of Chinese donkeys
TLDR
The phylogenetic analysis reveals that ancient Chinese donkeys have high mitochondrial DNA diversity and two distinct mitochondrial maternal lineages, known as the Somali and Nubian lineages and indicates that the maternal origin of Chinese domestic donkeys was probably related to the African wild ass.
Study of the Genetic Origin of the Mexican Creole Donkey (Equus asinus) by Means of the Analysis of the D-Loop Region of Mitochondrial DNA
TLDR
The preliminary conclusion is reached that the origin of Mexican Creole donkey populations in the different states of the Republic of México is clearly of Iberian origin, the Spanish donkey breed Andaluza being the main one contributing to the populations of the MexicanCreole donkeys, followed by the Spanish breeds Zamorano-Leonesa and Majorera from the Canary Islands, and that the populations possess high levels of genetic diversity.
Genetic diversity and relationship among the three autochthonous Sicilian donkey populations assessed by microsatellite markers
TLDR
Investigation of the distribution of genetic diversity and the relationships among the three Sicilian autochthonous donkey breeds using a set of microsatellite markers finds evidence that Pantesco endangered breed shows the higher degree of genetic distinctness.
African Maternal Origin and Genetic Diversity of Chinese Domestic Donkeys
TLDR
In a combined analysis of lineages Somali and Nubian between previously published sequences from other countries/regions and sequences of Chinese domestic donkeys, the results indicated that the two lineages of Chinese Domestic donkeys were from Africa and supported the African maternal origins of ChineseDomestic donkeys.
The genetic variability analysis of the Amiata donkey breed by molecular data
TLDR
This study presents the results of the genetic characterization of the Amiata donkey breed using STR markers, which identified 18 microsatellite loci that showed a significant (P?0.01) deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg proportions.
Genetic diversity of three donkey populations in the Croatian coastal region.
TLDR
Genetic variation in three Croatian donkey populations, Istrian (IS), North Adriatic (NA) and Littoral-Dinaric (LD), was analysed using eight microsatellite loci and by sequence and SSCP analysis of the proximal portion of the mtDNA D-loop region, indicating sporadic migration events from the IS into LD donkey population.
Genetic Diversity and Variability in Endangered Pantesco and Two Other Sicilian Donkey Breeds Assessed by Microsatellite Markers
TLDR
Pantesco breed is the most differentiated in the context of the Sicilian indigenous breeds, and within Ragusano breed, two well-defined subgroups were observed.
...
...