Missing-data model of vowel identification.

  title={Missing-data model of vowel identification.},
  author={Alain de Cheveign{\'e} and Hideki Kawahara},
  journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
  volume={105 6},
Vowel identity correlates well with the shape of the transfer function of the vocal tract, in particular the position of the first two or three formant peaks. However, in voiced speech the transfer function is sampled at multiples of the fundamental frequency (F0), and the short-term spectrum contains peaks at those frequencies, rather than at formants. It is not clear how the auditory system estimates the original spectral envelope from the vowel waveform. Cochlear excitation patterns, for… CONTINUE READING
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