Misophonia and Potential Underlying Mechanisms: A Perspective

  title={Misophonia and Potential Underlying Mechanisms: A Perspective},
  author={Devon Beebe Palumbo and Ola Alsalman and Dirk De Ridder and Jae-Jin Song and Sven Vanneste},
  journal={Frontiers in Psychology},
There is a growing research interest in the diagnosis rate of misophonia, a condition characterized by a negative emotional/autonomic reaction to specific everyday sounds. Diagnosis of misophonia requires a thorough case history and audiological test procedures. Associative and non-associative learning models for understanding the underlying mechanisms of misophonia have been presented. Currently, there is no cure or pharmaceutical agent for misophonia; however, therapy programs addressing… Expand
Clinical characteristics of misophonia and its relation to sensory processing sensitivity: A critical analysis
Abstract This chapter reviews psychological characteristics of misophonia (selective sound aversion). Included in this review is a model for etiology, associated emotional reactions, andExpand
Chew on this: considering misophonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder
Abstract Misophonia is a unique condition characterized by an extreme sensitivity to selective sounds. Individuals with this condition often display significant emotional distress in response toExpand
Inattention in misophonia: Difficulties achieving and maintaining alertness
It is proposed that symptom provocation alone does not explain the observed group difference in alerting attention, which could reflect a long-standing neuropsychological weakness. Expand
MisophoniAPP: Person-Centric Gamified Therapy for Smarter Treatment of Misophonia
A website has been developed, entitled "MisophoniAPP", which provides a relaxing environment for the treatment of misophonia through exposure therapy, and addresses the challenge posed by conventional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Neural Repatterning Technique approaches. Expand
Tinnitus, Hyperacusis, Otalgia, and Hearing Loss
This review, tailored to neurologists who care for patients who may be referred to or encountered in neurology practice, provides information on hearing disorders, how to recognize when a neurologic process may be involved, and when to refer to otolaryngology or other specialists. Expand
A review of decreased sound tolerance in autism: Definitions, phenomenology, and potential mechanisms
This article argues against conceptualizing DST as a unified construct, suggesting that it be separated into three phenomenologically distinct conditions: hyperacusis, misophonia, and phonophobia, each responsible for a portion of observed DST behaviors. Expand
A Quantitative Study Investigating the Relationship between Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR), Misophonia and Mindfulness.
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a sensory phenomenon which has received growing attention in recent years. Linked to an array of improvements in psychological wellbeing, ASMR holdsExpand
How everyday sounds can trigger strong emotions: ASMR, misophonia and the feeling of wellbeing
  • P. McGeoch, R. Rouw
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology
  • 2020
It is proposed that in ASMR cross‐activation of the map for affective (sensual) touch leads to an increase in subjective wellbeing and parasympathetic activity, and in misophonia the effect of the cross-activation is to decrease emotional wellbeing and increase sympathetic activity. Expand
A Consensus Definition of Misophonia: Using a Delphi Process to Reach Expert Agreement
This definition will serve as an important step to bring cohesion to the growing field of researchers and clinicians who seek to better understand and support individuals experiencing misophonia. Expand
Effectiveness of Noise-Attenuating Headphones on Physiological Responses for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Noise attenuating headphones for individuals with ASD and hyperacusis may reduce sympathetic activation and the use of wearable sensors to collect physiological data in natural environments is feasible with established protocols and training procedures. Expand


Pediatric misophonia with comorbid obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders.
A case of pediatric misophonia is presented in the context of comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder and Tourette's syndrome, suggesting these disorders may share underlying pathophysiology, particularly within the dopaminergic and serotonergic neural systems. Expand
‘Mastication rage’: a review of misophonia – an under-recognised symptom of psychiatric relevance?
  • G. Bruxner
  • Medicine
  • Australasian psychiatry : bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
  • 2016
Misophonia is a symptom associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder and anxiety disorders and may be a syndrome in itself associated with significant distress and avoidance. Expand
Hatred of sounds: misophonic disorder or just an underreported psychiatric symptom?
It is argued that misophonia is better described as a symptom of a) obsessive-compulsive disorder, b) generalized anxiety disorder, and c) schizotypal personality disorder. Expand
A Large-Scale Study of Misophonia.
It is unlikely that another "real" underlying clinical, psychiatric, or psychological disorder can explain away the misophonia, but half of the participants reported experiencing euphoric, relaxing, and tingling sensations with particular sounds or sights, a relatively unfamiliar phenomenon called autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR). Expand
Misophonia: Diagnostic Criteria for a New Psychiatric Disorder
It is suggested that misophonia should be classified as a discrete psychiatric disorder and diagnostic criteria could help to officially recognize the patients and the disorder, improve its identification by professional health carers, and encourage scientific research. Expand
Hyperacusis and misophonia: the lesser-known siblings of tinnitus.
This article attempts to educate the medical community about hyperacusis and misophonia, both of which can have devastating effects on the lives of patients, and ways to manage them. Expand
Misophonia: incidence, phenomenology, and clinical correlates in an undergraduate student sample.
This study investigates the incidence, phenomenology, correlates, and impairment associated with misophonia symptoms in 483 undergraduate students through self-report measures and indicates potential factors that may co-occur and influence the clinical presentation of a person with misophile symptoms. Expand
Misophonia, Phonophobia, and "Exploding Head" Syndrome
1. Misophonia, phonophobia, and “exploding head” syndrome have symptoms that may occur together with some forms of tinnitus or they can occur alone. 2. These sensations are differentExpand
Selective sound sensitivity syndrome (misophonia) in a patient with Tourette syndrome.
  • M. Neal, A. Cavanna
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences
  • 2013
This is the first documented case of misophonia reported by a patient with a diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, and there is the possibility that systematic screening for Misophonia in TS might reveal a pathophysiological association. Expand
Misophonia: physiological investigations and case descriptions
It is shown that misophonia is a disorder that produces distinct autonomic effects not seen in typically developed individuals, and heightened ratings and skin conductance responses to auditory, but not visual stimuli, relative to a group of typically developed controls. Expand