Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, with a 10% genetic linkage, of which 20% of these cases may be attributed to mutations in superoxide dismutase (SOD1). Specific mutations in SOD1 have been associated with disease duration, which can be highly variable ranging from a life expectancy of 3 to beyond 10 years. SOD1 neurotoxicity has been attributed to aberrant accumulation of misfolded SOD1, which in its soluble form binds to intracellular organelles disrupting their function or forms insoluble toxic aggregates. To understand whether these biophysical properties of the mutant protein may influence disease onset and duration, we generated 19 point mutations in the SOD1 gene, based on available clinical data of disease onset and progression from patients. By overexpressing these mutants in motor-neuron-like NSC-34 cells, we demonstrate a variability in misfolding capacity between the different mutants with a correlation between the degree of protein misfolding and mutation severity. We also show a clear variation of the different SOD1 mutants to associate with mitochondrial-enriched fractions with a correlation between mutation severity and this association. In summary, these findings reveal a correlation between the accumulation of misfolded SOD1 species and their mitochondrial association with disease duration but not with disease onset, and they have implications for the potential therapeutic role of suppressing the accumulation of misfolded SOD1.