Misdirected by the gap: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection

@article{Kuhn2011MisdirectedBT,
  title={Misdirected by the gap: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection},
  author={G. Kuhn and B. Tatler},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={432-436}
}
In several of our articles we have drawn analogies between inattentional blindness paradigms and misdirection. Memmert (2010) however, has criticized this analogy and urged for caution in assuming too much of a close relationship between these two phenomena. Here we consider the points raised by Memmert and highlight some misunderstandings and omissions in his interpretation of our work, which substantially undermine his argument. Debating the similarities and differences between aspects of… Expand
Misdirection – Past, Present, and the Future
TLDR
This paper focuses on four main points: the magician’s concept of misdirection, the paradigms used to study misdirection scientifically, the current scientific findings, and future directions. Expand
Implicit processing during inattentional blindness: A systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Meta-analysis showed that visual stimuli can be processed when unattended and unnoticed, and the overall effect of awareness changed depending on whether more demanding or less demanding measures of awareness were employed, suggesting that the choice of awareness measure may influence conclusions about whether processing of the US is implicit or explicit. Expand
Don’t get misdirected! Differences in overt and covert attentional inhibition between children and adults
  • G. Kuhn, R. Teszka
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 2018
TLDR
The results illustrate that within a more naturalistic context children are significantly more distracted than adults, and this distraction can have major implications on their visual awareness. Expand
Never Repeat the Same Trick Twice—Unless it is Cognitively Impenetrable
TLDR
It is found that the observed solution rates for tricks based on attentional misdirection increased much more with repeated viewing than those for tricksbased on amodal completion, which remained very low throughout. Expand
Illusions of Imagery and Magical Experiences
  • V. Ekroll
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • i-Perception
  • 2019
TLDR
A first exploratory overview and preliminary conceptual analysis of a class of magic tricks, namely, a set of tricks that can be loosely defined as topological tricks, is offered. Expand
The Applied Cognitive Psychology of Attention: A Step Closer to Understanding Magic Tricks
Summary: Drawing on psychological science, magic provides a unique perspective on applied cognition. Only sparse systematic research, however, documents the thought processes associated with viewingExpand
A Study of Behavioural and Neural Signatures of Perceptual and Cognitive Illusions Induced by Magic Effects
For millennia magicians have entertained their audiences by manipulating perception, as well as other cognitive processes, such as attention, memory, and decision-making. In the past decadeExpand
To Expect Means Not to Expect
The diversity of data obtained in the investigations of inattentional blindness (IB) and the variety of factors influencing this phenomenon clearly demonstrate its resistance to simple definitions orExpand
Does Magic Offer a Cryptozoology Ground for Psychology?
Magicians often trick spectators’ senses by relying on cognitive limitations. To do so, they use intuitive but age-old knowledge of human cognition. Research into the relationship between magic andExpand
The Other Side of Magic
  • V. Ekroll, B. Sayim, J. Wagemans
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2017
TLDR
It is argued that perceptual and cognitive principles governing how humans experience hidden things and reason about them play a central role in many magic tricks, and how insights from perceptual psychology provide a framework for understanding why these tricks work so well. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
The gap between inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection
  • D. Memmert
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2010
TLDR
There are at least four differences between the two paradigms which concern the conceptual aspect of the unexpected object and the methodological aspects of the task design, which highlights the need for a broader theoretical framework incorporating inattentional blindness and overt and covert attention mechanisms. Expand
Mind the gap: Misdirection, inattentional blindness and the relationship between overt and covert attention
TLDR
It is argued that although Memmert's (2010) paper postulates several important differences between the misdirection and inattentional blindness paradigms, it may not emphasise sufficiently strongly the significant insights into attention that have been yielded by the former approach. Expand
What’s “inattentional” about inattentional blindness?
  • S. Most
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2010
TLDR
This commentary argues that, rather than reflecting a complete dissociation between IB and attentional misdirection, this difference highlights potential grounds for delineating mechanistically distinct forms of IB: spatial inattentional blindness, which stems from the covert misallocation of spatial attention. Expand
Beyond inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection: From attentional paradigms to attentional mechanisms
Memmert (2010) tried to foster the development of attentional research by discussing four differences between attentional misdirection (AM) and inattentional blindness (IB). Considering this goal,Expand
Misdirection, attention and awareness: Inattentional blindness reveals temporal relationship between eye movements and visual awareness
  • G. Kuhn, J. Findlay
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 2010
TLDR
A magic trick is designed that could be used to investigate how misdirection can prevent people from perceiving a visually salient event, thus offering a novel paradigm to examine inattentional blindness and demonstrates how overt and covert attention can be spatially dissociated. Expand
Misdirection in magic: Implications for the relationship between eye gaze and attention
Magicians use misdirection to manipulate people's attention in order to prevent their audiences from uncovering their methods. Here we used a prerecorded version of a magic trick to investigate someExpand
Inattentional Blindness
Surprising as it may seem, research shows that we rarely see what we are looking at unless our attention is directed to it. This phenomenon can have serious life-and-death consequences. Although theExpand
Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events
TLDR
A new study builds on classic studies of divided visual attention to examine inattentional blindness for complex objects and events in dynamic scenes and suggests that the likelihood of noticing an unexpected object depends on the similarity of that object to other objects in the display and on how difficult the priming monitoring task is. Expand
What you see is what you set: sustained inattentional blindness and the capture of awareness.
TLDR
The authors conclude that many--but not all--aspects of attention capture apply to inattentional blindness but that these 2 classes of phenomena remain importantly distinct. Expand
How Magic Changes Our Expectations About Autism
TLDR
Although individuals with ASD showed typical patterns of looking to the magician’s face and eyes, they were slower to launch their first saccade to the face and had difficulty in fixating the fast-moving observable ball. Expand
...
1
2
3
...