Misdirected by the gap: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection

  title={Misdirected by the gap: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional misdirection},
  author={Gustav Kuhn and Benjamin W Tatler},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},

Misdirection – Past, Present, and the Future

This paper focuses on four main points: the magician’s concept of misdirection, the paradigms used to study misdirection scientifically, the current scientific findings, and future directions.

Don’t get misdirected! Differences in overt and covert attentional inhibition between children and adults

The results illustrate that within a more naturalistic context children are significantly more distracted than adults, and this distraction can have major implications on their visual awareness.

Never Repeat the Same Trick Twice—Unless it is Cognitively Impenetrable

It is found that the observed solution rates for tricks based on attentional misdirection increased much more with repeated viewing than those for tricksbased on amodal completion, which remained very low throughout.

Illusions of Imagery and Magical Experiences

A first exploratory overview and preliminary conceptual analysis of a class of magic tricks, namely, a set of tricks that can be loosely defined as topological tricks, is offered.

A Study of Behavioural and Neural Signatures of Perceptual and Cognitive Illusions Induced by Magic Effects

In two experiments, showing behavioural and evoked responses of subjects while watching an oddball sequence of continues, unedited videos of a magic trick known as Chop-Cup, it was found that, on the one hand, subjects’ behavioural responses were strongly biased by the magic trick, and on the other, that the neural responses were modulated by the odd ball sequence of stimulus presentation, as expected.

To Expect Means Not to Expect

The diversity of data obtained in the investigations of inattentional blindness (IB) and the variety of factors influencing this phenomenon clearly demonstrate its resistance to simple definitions or

Does Magic Offer a Cryptozoology Ground for Psychology?

Magicians often trick spectators’ senses by relying on cognitive limitations. To do so, they use intuitive but age-old knowledge of human cognition. Research into the relationship between magic and

The Other Side of Magic

  • V. EkrollB. SayimJ. Wagemans
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2017
It is argued that perceptual and cognitive principles governing how humans experience hidden things and reason about them play a central role in many magic tricks, and how insights from perceptual psychology provide a framework for understanding why these tricks work so well.

Magic and Misdirection: The Influence of Social Cues on the Allocation of Visual Attention While Watching a Cups-and-Balls Routine

An effort was made to disentangle the unique influence of different social and physical triggers of attentional misdirection on observers’ overt and covert attention and to increase the probability of missing the trick mechanism.



What’s “inattentional” about inattentional blindness?

  • S. Most
  • Psychology, Biology
    Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2010

Misdirection, attention and awareness: Inattentional blindness reveals temporal relationship between eye movements and visual awareness

A magic trick is designed that could be used to investigate how misdirection can prevent people from perceiving a visually salient event, thus offering a novel paradigm to examine inattentional blindness and demonstrates how overt and covert attention can be spatially dissociated.

Misdirection in magic: Implications for the relationship between eye gaze and attention

Magicians use misdirection to manipulate people's attention in order to prevent their audiences from uncovering their methods. Here we used a prerecorded version of a magic trick to investigate some

Inattentional Blindness

Surprising as it may seem, research shows that we rarely see what we are looking at unless our attention is directed to it. This phenomenon can have serious life-and-death consequences. Although the

Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events

A new study builds on classic studies of divided visual attention to examine inattentional blindness for complex objects and events in dynamic scenes and suggests that the likelihood of noticing an unexpected object depends on the similarity of that object to other objects in the display and on how difficult the priming monitoring task is.

What you see is what you set: sustained inattentional blindness and the capture of awareness.

The authors conclude that many--but not all--aspects of attention capture apply to inattentional blindness but that these 2 classes of phenomena remain importantly distinct.

How Magic Changes Our Expectations About Autism

Although individuals with ASD showed typical patterns of looking to the magician’s face and eyes, they were slower to launch their first saccade to the face and had difficulty in fixating the fast-moving observable ball.