Misdiagnosis versus missed diagnosis: diagnosing autism spectrum disorder in adolescents

  title={Misdiagnosis versus missed diagnosis: diagnosing autism spectrum disorder in adolescents},
  author={Shilpa Aggarwal and Beth Angus},
  journal={Australasian Psychiatry},
  pages={120 - 123}
Objective: The diagnosis of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is sometimes delayed until adolescence. This study tries to identify the symptoms in clients that initiated a referral to an autism team of an early intervention service providing psychiatric care for young people between the ages of 15 and 25 and who subsequently receive a new diagnosis of autism. Methods: Thirty-one ASD assessments were carried out during a period of 3 years in an early intervention service in… Expand
Autism spectrum disorders among adolescents and adults and comparison with schizophrenia
It has been found that negative symptoms of schizophrenia are widely observed in adolescent and adult patients followed with ASD diagnosis, and autism spectrum disorders are manifested common symptoms with schizophrenia in adolescence and adulthood. Expand
Identifying the lost generation of adults with autism spectrum conditions.
In delineating differential diagnoses, true comorbidities, and overlapping behaviour with other psychiatric diagnoses, particular attention should be paid to anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, psychosis, personality disorders, and other neurodevelopmental disorders. Expand
Supporting the needs of college students with autism spectrum disorder
  • T. Chandrasekhar
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of American college health : J of ACH
  • 2019
Clinicians will increasingly encounter students with ASD whose social and communication challenges impact their success in post-secondary educational environments and should be knowledgeable of ASD features, common mental health challenges, and how best to support students. Expand
Stability of co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses in autistic men and women
Abstract Background Despite a high prevalence of psychiatric conditions in autistic adults, research examining the diagnostic stability of psychiatric conditions diagnosed prior to autism is limited.Expand
Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder in a large Italian catchment area: a school-based population study within the ASDEU project
This is the first population-based ASD prevalence study conducted in Italy so far and its results indicate a prevalence of ASD in children aged 7–9 years of about one in 87, which may help regional, national and international health planners to improve ASD policies for ASD children and their families in the public healthcare system. Expand
The clinician perspective on sex differences in autism spectrum disorders
Clinicians noted more sex-related differences in restricted and repetitive behaviors and fewer differences for social communication features, suggesting this time period as a critical and particularly vulnerable window for females with autism spectrum disorder. Expand
'Being an autism parent' : mothers' experiences from initial concerns about their daughters to a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder : an interpretative phenomenological analysis
This thesis consists of three parts: a major literature review, an empirical study and a critical appraisal. In Part One, the literature review begins with a brief introduction which outlines theExpand
Autism comorbidities show elevated female‐to‐male odds ratios and are associated with the age of first autism diagnosis
Comorbidity rates for females exceed what would be expected based on the sex ratios among non-autistic individuals, indicating that the association between autism and comorbidities is stronger in females. Expand
Response to Rorschach test in autism spectrum disorders in adulthood: a pilot study
Objective Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders (APA – DSM5) presenting an higher functioning level are often hardly recognized during childhood and it is not infrequent for the first diagnosis toExpand
Autism and Gender: An exploration of high-functioning autism in females
This thesis comprises of the following three papers: (1) a systematic literature review; (2) a qualitative empirical study; (3) contributions to theory and clinical practice. The systematicExpand


The Heavy Burden of Psychiatric Comorbidity in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Large Comparative Study of a Psychiatrically Referred Population
Youth with ASD have high levels of psychiatric comorbidity and dysfunction comparable to the referred population of youth without ASD, and may be important targets for intervention. Expand
Factors Associated With Age of Diagnosis Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders
Improvements over time are suggested over time in decreasing the age at which children with ASD, especially higher functioning children, receive a diagnosis and a lack of resources in rural areas and for near-poor families and the importance of continuous pediatric care and specialty referrals are suggested. Expand
The association between autism spectrum disorder and psychotic experiences in the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children (ALSPAC) birth cohort.
Findings suggest a shared neurodevelopmental origin for autism and psychosis. Expand
Psychiatric Disorders in Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism as Children: A Case Control Study
The prevalence and types of psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of 118 individuals diagnosed as children with infantile autism (IA) with psychiatric Disorders in 336 matched controls from the general population using data from the nationwide Danish Psychiatric Central Register are compared. Expand
How different are girls and boys above and below the diagnostic threshold for autism spectrum disorders?
Girls are less likely than boys to meet diagnostic criteria for ASD at equivalently high levels of autistic-like traits, which might reflect gender bias in diagnosis or genuinely better adaptation/compensation in girls. Expand
Gender Ratios in Autism, Asperger syndrome and Autism spectrum Disorder
Abstract: Skewed sex ratios indicative of a greater preponderance of males over females (approximating 4:1) has perhaps been the most constant collective finding in autism spectrum conditions. MoreExpand
Childhood and current autistic features in adolescents with schizotypal personality disorder
The findings indicate that past and current autistic signs are more common in adolescents with SPD, but neither current nor childhood autistic features are linked with conversion to psychosis. Expand
Evidence to practice: treatment of anxiety in individuals with autism spectrum disorders
Systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials suggest that cognitive behavior therapy in tandem with direct instruction of social skills using applied behavior analysis intervention components may be effective for treating anxiety in individuals with high functioning ASD. Expand
The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A Standard Measure of Social and Communication Deficits Associated with the Spectrum of Autism
Algorithm sensitivities and specificities for autism and PD DNOS relative to nonspectrum disorders were excellent, with moderate differentiation of autism from PDDNOS. Expand
Cost–benefit estimates for early intensive behavioral intervention for young children with autism—general model and single state case
Clinical research and public policy reviews that have emerged in the past several years now make it possible to estimate the cost‐benefits of early intervention for infants, toddlers, andExpand