Mirror treatment of lower limb phantom pain: A case study

@article{Maclachlan2004MirrorTO,
  title={Mirror treatment of lower limb phantom pain: A case study},
  author={Malcolm Maclachlan and Dympna McDonald and Justine Waloch},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation},
  year={2004},
  volume={26},
  pages={901 - 904}
}
Purpose: Phantom limb pain (PLP) can be an enduring and distressing experience for people with amputations. Previous research has shown that ‘mirror treatment’ can reduce PLP for some people who have an upper limb amputation, and that it can increase a sense of motor control over the phantom in people with lower limb amputations who are not reporting PLP. There has been no previous report of therapeutic ‘mirror treatment’ for lower-limb phantom pain. Method: We present the first case study of… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
This is a two-site study that explores the effects of mirror therapy and transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS, Soterix ©) in a randomized factorial controlled trial in which… Expand
ConditionsAmputation, Traumatic, Phantom Limb Pain
InterventionBehavioral, Device
Interventional Clinical Trial
Almost everyone who has a traumatic limb amputated will experience a phantom limb - the vivid impression that the limb not only still is present, but also in many cases, painful… Expand
ConditionsPhantom Limb Pain
InterventionBehavioral, Device
Mirror therapy for the alleviation of phantom limb pain following amputation: A literature review
TLDR
This review aimed to assess the current best evidence for using mirror therapy to treat PLP in patients with amputation and found no current consensus as to the effectiveness of mirror therapy. Expand
The effects of mirror therapy on pain and motor control of phantom limb in amputees: A systematic review.
TLDR
The level of evidence for MT as a first intention treatment in PLP is insufficient, and further research is needed to assess the effect of MT on pain, prosthesis use, and body representation, and to standardize protocols. Expand
Mirror Therapy in the Rehabilitation of Lower-Limb Amputation: Are There Any Contraindications?
TLDR
A large number of side effects could be due to the lack of selection of patients and the fact that the mirror box therapy was paralleled by a conventional rehabilitation approach targeted to the use of a prosthesis. Expand
Individual differences in response to phantom limb movement therapy
TLDR
Individual differences in response to phantom limb movement therapy are discussed in the context of motor imagery ability and the phantom limb phenomenon as a multi-dimensional disorder. Expand
Phantom pain in bilateral upper limb amputation
TLDR
There is no healing for phantom pain; medical and surgical modalities only bring temporary relief, and less than 1% of the respondents achieve permanent relief through different treatment methods. Expand
Clinical Trial of the Virtual Integration Environment to Treat Phantom Limb Pain With Upper Extremity Amputation
TLDR
Success with the VIE system confirms its application as a non-invasive and low-cost therapy option for PLP and phantom limb symptoms for individuals with upper limb loss. Expand
Motor correlates of phantom limb pain
TLDR
It is confirmed that amputees suffering from worse chronic PLP had worse motor control over their phantom hand, and the neural basis of these behavioural correlates of PLP is explored. Expand
The effect of mirror therapy on the management of phantom limb pain.
TLDR
Mirror therapy can be used as an adjunct to medical and surgical treatment of PLP, and is a method that patients can practice independently, enhancing self-control over phantom pain. Expand
Mind-Body Interventions for Treatment of Phantom Limb Pain in Persons with Amputation
TLDR
The weight of existing findings indicates that a mind-body approach to PLP pain management is promising and that specific methods may offer either temporary or long-term relief, either alone or in combination with conventional therapies. Expand
Metal bar prevents phantom limb motion: Case study of an amputation patient who showed a profound change in the awareness of his phantom limb
TLDR
The patient reported that the metal bar previously grasped by his hand was successfully removed from the phantom during the course of therapy, and this experience was accompanied by profound changes in the EMG modulation in the residual wrist muscles. Expand
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