Miocene ungulates and terrestrial primary productivity: where have all the browsers gone?

  title={Miocene ungulates and terrestrial primary productivity: where have all the browsers gone?},
  author={Christine M. Janis and John D. Damuth and Jessica Theodor},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={97 14},
Progressive changes are observed in both the composition of mammal faunas and vegetation during the Miocene epoch [24-5 mega-annum (Ma)]. These changes are usually interpreted as a response to climatic changes. In the traditional view, forests or woodlands gradually gave way to more open habitats, with grazing (grass-eating) ungulate (hoofed) mammal species replacing the browsing (leafy-vegetation-eating) species as grasslands expanded. However, data from fossil assemblages in the Great Plains… CONTINUE READING
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