Minireviews: Exploring the Basic Ecological Unit: Ecosystem-like Concepts in Traditional Societies

  title={Minireviews: Exploring the Basic Ecological Unit: Ecosystem-like Concepts in Traditional Societies},
  author={Fikret Berkes and M. Serpil Kislalioglu and Carl Folke and Madhav Gadgil},
ABSTRACT Ancient conceptualizations of ecosystems exist in several Amerindian, Asia-Pacific, European, and African cultures. The rediscovery by scientists of ecosystem-like concepts among traditional peoples has been important in the appreciation of traditional ecological knowledge among ecologists, anthropologists, and interdisciplinary scholars. Two key characteristics of these systems are that (a) the unit of nature is often defined in terms of a geographical boundary, such as a watershed… 

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