Minimizing pin complications when using the rigid external distraction (RED) system for midface distraction.

@article{Aizenbud2008MinimizingPC,
  title={Minimizing pin complications when using the rigid external distraction (RED) system for midface distraction.},
  author={Dror Aizenbud and Adi Rachmiel and Omri Emodi},
  journal={Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics},
  year={2008},
  volume={105 2},
  pages={149-54}
}
In this review we describe the advantages, complications, and preventive considerations encountered as a result of the use of a halo for distraction of a retrusive nasomaxillary complex. Distraction osteogenesis is a well accepted combined orthodontic-surgical technique used in the treatment of patients with hypoplastic craniofacial components. The rigid external distraction (RED) system is a useful external distraction device for the advancement of severe retrusive maxilla especially in cleft… CONTINUE READING

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