Minimizing energy for wireless web access with bounded slowdown


On many battery-powered mobile computing devices, the wireless network is a significant contributor to the total energy consumption. In this paper, we investigate the interaction between energy-saving protocols and TCP performance for Web like transfers. We show that the popular IEEE 802.11 power-saving mode (PSM), a "static" protocol, can harm performance by increasing fast round trip times (RTTs) to 100 ms; and that under typical Web browsing workloads, current implementations will unnecessarily spend energy waking up during long idle periods.To overcome these problems, we present the <i>Bounded-Slowdown (BSD) protocol</i>, a PSM that dynamically adapts to network activity. BSD is an optimal solution to the problem of minimizing energy consumption while guaranteeing that a connection's RTT does not increase by more than a factor p over its base RTT, where p is a protocol parameter that exposes the trade-off between minimizing energy and reducing latency. works by staying awake for a short period of time after the link idle. We present several trace-driven simulation results that show that, compared to a static PSM, the Bounded Slowdown protocol reduces average Web page retrieval times by 5--64%, while <i>simultaneously</i> reducing energy consumption by 1--14% (and by 13X compared to no power management).

DOI: 10.1145/570645.570660
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@article{Krashinsky2002MinimizingEF, title={Minimizing energy for wireless web access with bounded slowdown}, author={Ronny Krashinsky and Hari Balakrishnan}, journal={Wireless Networks}, year={2002}, volume={11}, pages={135-148} }