Minimally invasive surgical approaches to kidney stones in children.

  title={Minimally invasive surgical approaches to kidney stones in children.},
  author={H Serkan Doğan and Serdar Tekgul},
  journal={Current urology reports},
  volume={13 4},
The existing treatment options for pediatric urolithiasis are endoscopic methods. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is the first-line option for most of the kidney stones smaller than 1 cm in diameter. For larger stones or refractory cases, minimally invasive surgical methods are preferred. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a well-established treatment modality for most patients. This technique has shown evolution also in children so that miniaturized or tubeless methods could now… CONTINUE READING