Minimally invasive surgery for esophageal cancer – benefits and controversies

Abstract

Open esophagectomy (OE) requires extensive surgery and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, the long-term results of esophageal cancer surgery are not satisfactory; hence, the best surgical approach is constantly under debate. During the last twenty years, minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) employing laparoscopy and/or… (More)
DOI: 10.5114/kitp.2014.43842

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