Minimally invasive anterior lumbar interbody fusion followed by percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for isthmic spondylolisthesis.


BACKGROUND CONTEXT Most surgeons have thought that posterior decompression is necessary to treat isthmic spondylolisthesis with leg pain. However, the surgical procedure not only requires wide muscle dissection but can also lead to spinal instability. The authors' treatment concept for isthmic spondylolisthesis is one-stage anterior reduction and posterior… (More)