Minimal extrathyroid extension in papillary thyroid carcinoma does not result in increased rates of either cause-specific mortality or postoperative tumor recurrence.

@article{Hay2016MinimalEE,
  title={Minimal extrathyroid extension in papillary thyroid carcinoma does not result in increased rates of either cause-specific mortality or postoperative tumor recurrence.},
  author={Ian D. Hay and Tammi R. Johnson and G Thompson and Thomas J. Sebo and Megan S. Reinalda},
  journal={Surgery},
  year={2016},
  volume={159 1},
  pages={11-9}
}
BACKGROUND This study assessed the influence of extrathyroid extension (EE) on cause-specific mortality (CSM) and tumor recurrence (TR) in patients treated for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS We studied outcome in 3,524 patients with PTC without distant metastases at diagnosis. CSM and TR were investigated in 422 patients with gross EE (GEE) or microscopic EE (MEE). RESULTS The 30-year CSM rate for GEE of 25% was 12-fold greater (P < .001) than 2% seen with surgically intra… CONTINUE READING
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