Mechanisms of Action of Novel Influenza A/M2 Viroporin Inhibitors Derived from Hexamethylene Amiloride.
Some algal viruses contain genes that encode proteins with the hallmarks of K(+) channels. One feature of these proteins is that they are less than 100 amino acids in size, which make them truly minimal for a K(+) channel protein. That is, they consist of only the pore module present in more complex K(+) channels. The combination of miniature size and the functional robustness of the viral K(+) channels make them ideal model systems for studying how K(+) channels work. Here we summarize recent structure/function correlates from these channels, which provide insight into functional properties such as gating, pharmacology and sorting in cells.