Minimal access heart surgery via lower ministernotomy: experience in 460 cases.


Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has captured the interest and attention of cardiac surgeons throughout the world. We reviewed our experience of minimal access cardiac operations performed through a lower median ministernotomy. Between January 1997 and August 2003, 100 congenital, 178 valvular, 168 coronary, 12 aneurysmal, and 2 other operations were… (More)


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