Minimal Liquid Discharge (MLD) and Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) strategies for wastewater management and resource recovery – Analysis, challenges and prospects

@article{Panagopoulos2020MinimalLD,
  title={Minimal Liquid Discharge (MLD) and Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) strategies for wastewater management and resource recovery – Analysis, challenges and prospects},
  author={Argyris Panagopoulos and Katherine Joanne Haralambous},
  journal={Journal of environmental chemical engineering},
  year={2020},
  volume={8},
  pages={104418}
}

Evaluation of a Minimum Liquid Discharge (MLD) Desalination Approach for Management of Unconventional Oil and Gas Produced Waters with a Focus on Waste Minimization

The objective of this research study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a minimum liquid discharge (MLD) desalination approach as an alternate management option for unconventional produced

Study and evaluation of the characteristics of saline wastewater (brine) produced by desalination and industrial plants

TLDR
This study presents and analyzes for the first time the characteristics of different brine effluents to prevent environmental pollution and to recover valuable resources enabling the concept of waste-to-resource (circular water economy model).

Making Waves: Zero Liquid Discharge for Sustainable Industrial Effluent Management

Zero liquid discharge (ZLD) aims to minimize liquid waste generation whilst extend water supply, and this industrial strategy has attracted renewed interest worldwide in recent years. In spite of the

Sustainable Zero Liquid Discharge for Desalination and Denitrification Processes: Desirows Life European Project

Nowadays, most of international policies and initiatives provide a sustainable economy and energy framework, promoting solutions based on minimal (or zero) liquid discharge as well as zero energy
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 106 REFERENCES

The Global Rise of Zero Liquid Discharge for Wastewater Management: Drivers, Technologies, and Future Directions.

TLDR
This critical review discusses the drivers, incentives, technologies, and environmental impacts of zero liquid discharge, and highlights the evolution of ZLD from thermal- to membrane-based processes, and analyzes the advantages and limitations of existing and emerging ZLD technologies.

High-Pressure Reverse Osmosis for Energy-Efficient Hypersaline Brine Desalination: Current Status, Design Considerations, and Research Needs

Water scarcity, expected to become more widespread in the coming years, demands renewed attention to freshwater protection and management. Critical to this effort are the minimization of freshwater

Direct contact membrane distillation applied to saline wastewater: parameter optimization.

TLDR
The aim was to enhance the process performance and the permeate flux Jp (L/m2·h) by optimizing the operating parameters: temperature difference ΔT, feed velocity Vf, salt concentration [NaCl], and glucose concentration [Gluc].

Sustainable Management of Municipal Wastewater Reverse Osmosis Concentrate: Treatment with Biological Activated Carbon Based Processes for Safe Disposal

Reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC) streams generated from RO-based municipal wastewater reclamation processes pose environmental and health risks on their disposal to sensitive water environments.

Emerging investigators series: Prospects and challenges for high-pressure reverse osmosis in minimizing concentrated waste streams

Reverse osmosis (RO) is the most common process for extracting pure water from saline water. RO is more popular than thermal processes such as multi-effect distillation and multi-stage flash due to
...