Minerals discovered in paleolithic black pigments by transmission electron microscopy and micro-X-ray absorption near-edge structure

@article{Chalmin2006MineralsDI,
  title={Minerals discovered in paleolithic black pigments by transmission electron microscopy and micro-X-ray absorption near-edge structure},
  author={Emilie Chalmin and Colette Vignaud and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Salomon and François Farges and Jean Susini and Michel Menu},
  journal={Applied Physics A},
  year={2006},
  volume={83},
  pages={213-218}
}
Analysis of archeological materials aims to rediscover the know-how of prehistoric men by determining the nature of the painting matter, its preparation mode, and the geographic origin of its raw materials. The preparation mode of the painting matter of the paleolithic rock art apparently consisted of mixing, grinding, and also heat-treatment.In this study, we focus on black pigments and more particularly manganese oxides. Using the combined approach of transmission electron microscopy (TEM… 
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