Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density

@article{Hlzel2011MindfulnessPL,
  title={Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density},
  author={Britta K. H{\"o}lzel and James F. Carmody and Mark G. Vangel and Christina Congleton and Sita Maha Yerramsetti and Tim Gard and Sara W. Lazar},
  journal={Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging},
  year={2011},
  volume={191},
  pages={36-43}
}
Brief Mindfulness Meditation Induces Gray Matter Changes in a Brain Hub
TLDR
It is found that brief mindfulness meditation induces gray matter plasticity, suggesting that structural changes in ventral PCC—a key hub associated with self-awareness, emotion, cognition, and aging—may have important implications for protecting against mood-related disorders and aging-related cognitive declines.
Mindfulness‐based stress reduction training modulates striatal and cerebellar connectivity
TLDR
Results suggest a rearrangement of dorsal striatum functional and effective connectivity in response to mindfulness practice, with changes in cortico‐subcortical‐cerebellar modulatory dynamics.
Change in Brainstem Gray Matter Concentration Following a Mindfulness-Based Intervention is Correlated with Improvement in Psychological Well-Being
TLDR
A preliminary study suggests a neural correlate of enhanced PWB, which was positively correlated with gray matter concentration increases in two symmetrically bilateral clusters in the brainstem.
Gray Matter Changes in Adolescents Participating in a Meditation Training
TLDR
The results support previous findings that meditation affects regions associated with physical and emotional awareness and are different from previous morphometric studies in which meditation was associated with structural increases.
Effects of Long-Term Mindfulness Meditation on Brain's White Matter Microstructure and its Aging
TLDR
Preliminary indications that the practice of MM might result in WM connectivity change and might provide evidence on its ability to help diminish age-related WM degeneration in key regions which participate in processes of mindfulness are provided.
Neural mechanisms of mindfulness and meditation: Evidence from neuroimaging studies.
TLDR
A review of this literature revealed compelling evidence that mindfulness impacts the function of the medial cortex and associated default mode network as well as insula and amygdala and appears to effect lateral frontal regions and basal ganglia.
Brain Structure and Meditation: How Spiritual Practice Shapes the Brain
TLDR
Differences in gray matter volume and density were found in circumscribed brain regions which are involved in interoception and in the regulation of arousal and emotions, namely insula, hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and brainstem.
Dispositional Mindfulness Co-Varies with Smaller Amygdala and Caudate Volumes in Community Adults
TLDR
Volumetric differences in dispositional mindfulness and structural MRI images indicate that these amygdala and caudate volume associations persist after controlling for relevant demographic and individual difference factors and suggest new candidate structural neurobiological pathways linking mindfulness with mental and physical health outcomes.
The Effects of Mindfulness and Meditation on the Cingulate Cortex in the Healthy Human Brain: A Review
TLDR
A multifaceted role of the cingulate for processes related to long- term meditation practices, short-term meditation trainings, as well as trait mindfulness is suggested.
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