Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training

  title={Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training},
  author={Fadel Zeidan and Susan K. Johnson and Bruce J. Diamond and Zhanna David and Paula Goolkasian},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},

Mindfulness Meditation Improves Visual Short-Term Memory

A single, brief mindfulness meditation intervention led to improvements in visual short-term memory capacity for faces, with important implications regarding the minimum intervention necessary to produce measurable changes in short- term memory tasks.

One-Session Mindfulness Meditation: A Randomized Controlled Study of Effects on Cognition and Mood

Participants in previous studies of brief mindfulness meditation (MM) are often tested immediately following a meditation session, making it difficult to separate several days of training from

A More Rigorous Examination of the Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Working Memory Capacity

Working memory is a core cognitive system that is thought to support many forms of complex cognition. Mindfulness meditation has shown promise in improving the functioning of the working memory

Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance

Mindfulness meditation (MM) training has been shown to have positive effects on working memory and focused attention tasks. Clarifying the construct of mindfulness is important so that mindfulness

Brief Mindfulness Meditation Improves Mental State Attribution and Empathizing

The results revealed that brief mindfulness meditation enhanced both mental state attribution and empathic concern, compared to participants in the control group, suggesting that mindfulness may be a powerful technique for facilitating core aspects of social-cognitive functioning.

Brief Mindfulness Breathing Exercises and Working Memory Capacity: Findings from Two Experimental Approaches

It is suggested that a single session of mindful practice may not be sufficient to enhance working memory capacity, as shown in the results of two experiments.

Long-term meditation: the relationship between cognitive processes, thinking styles and mindfulness

The results showed significant differences between the two groups, demonstrating that long-term meditation is linked to improvements of attentional functions, working memory and cognitive flexibility.

Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control

It is suggested that mindfulness meditation may alter the efficiency of allocating cognitive resources, leading to improved self-regulation of attention, and foster changes in neuronal activity related to attentional control.

Combining Behavior and EEG to Study the Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Episodic Memory.

Results obtained from combining mindfulness meditation training, an episodic memory task, and EEG reveal the behavioral and neural effects of mindfulness meditation on episodicMemory.



Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility

Effects of brief and sham mindfulness meditation on mood and cardiovascular variables.

The results indicate that brief meditation training has beneficial effects on mood and cardiovascular variables that go beyond the demand characteristics of a sham meditation intervention.

Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention

Whereas participation in the MBSR course improved the ability to endogenously orient attention, retreat participation appeared to allow for the development and emergence of receptive attentional skills, which improved exogenous alerting-related process.

Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation

It is shown that a group randomly assigned to 5 days of meditation practice with the integrative body–mind training method shows significantly better attention and control of stress than a similarly chosen control group given relaxation training.

Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners

In age-matched participants, using functional MRI, it was found that activation in a network of brain regions typically involved in sustained attention showed an inverted u-shaped curve in which expert meditators (EMs) with an average of 19,000 h of practice had more activation than novices, but EMs with anAverage of 44,000H had less activation.

Meditation can reduce habitual responding.

Across cognitive tasks, when participants understood that the goal was to respond non-habitually, meditation reduced habitual responding.

The Enhancement of Visuospatial Processing Efficiency Through Buddhist Deity Meditation

The results suggest that Deity meditation specifically trains one's capacity to access heightened visuospatial processing resources, rather than generally improving visUospatial imagery abilities.

Does Mindfulness Meditation Improve Anxiety and Mood Symptoms? A Review of the Controlled Research

  • T. ToneattoL. Nguyen
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2007
MBSR does not have a reliable effect on depression and anxiety, and the relation between practising mindfulness and changes in depression and Anxiety was equivocal.

Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference.

A fundamental neural dissociation is suggested between two distinct forms of self-awareness that are habitually integrated but can be dissociated through attentional training: the self across time and in the present moment.