Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training

  title={Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training},
  author={Fadel Zeidan and Susan K. Johnson and Bruce J. Diamond and Zhanna David and Paula Goolkasian},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},

Mindfulness meditation as attention control training: A dual-blind investigation

Investigation of whether the attention-monitoring component of mindfulness meditation reduces mind-wandering and improves performance during reading comprehension and sustained attention tasks finds that mindfulness training improved recall of specific details from a text but did not reduce mind-Wandering or affect sustained attention.

Mindfulness Meditation Improves Visual Short-Term Memory

A single, brief mindfulness meditation intervention led to improvements in visual short-term memory capacity for faces, with important implications regarding the minimum intervention necessary to produce measurable changes in short- term memory tasks.

One-Session Mindfulness Meditation: A Randomized Controlled Study of Effects on Cognition and Mood

Participants in previous studies of brief mindfulness meditation (MM) are often tested immediately following a meditation session, making it difficult to separate several days of training from

A More Rigorous Examination of the Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Working Memory Capacity

Working memory is a core cognitive system that is thought to support many forms of complex cognition. Mindfulness meditation has shown promise in improving the functioning of the working memory

Trait Mindfulness and Cognitive Task Performance

Mindfulness meditation (MM) training has been shown to have positive effects on working memory and focused attention tasks. Clarifying the construct of mindfulness is important so that mindfulness

Brief Mindfulness Meditation Improves Mental State Attribution and Empathizing

The results revealed that brief mindfulness meditation enhanced both mental state attribution and empathic concern, compared to participants in the control group, suggesting that mindfulness may be a powerful technique for facilitating core aspects of social-cognitive functioning.

Brief Mindfulness Breathing Exercises and Working Memory Capacity: Findings from Two Experimental Approaches

It is suggested that a single session of mindful practice may not be sufficient to enhance working memory capacity, as shown in the results of two experiments.

Long-term meditation: the relationship between cognitive processes, thinking styles and mindfulness

The results showed significant differences between the two groups, demonstrating that long-term meditation is linked to improvements of attentional functions, working memory and cognitive flexibility.

Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control

It is suggested that mindfulness meditation may alter the efficiency of allocating cognitive resources, leading to improved self-regulation of attention, and foster changes in neuronal activity related to attentional control.



Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility

Effects of brief and sham mindfulness meditation on mood and cardiovascular variables.

The results indicate that brief meditation training has beneficial effects on mood and cardiovascular variables that go beyond the demand characteristics of a sham meditation intervention.

Mindfulness meditation and reduced emotional interference on a cognitive task

The effect of mindfulness meditation (MM) on attentional control in emotional contexts was examined. In Study 1, MM practitioners (N = 28) categorized tones presented 1 or 4 s following the onset of

Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention

Whereas participation in the MBSR course improved the ability to endogenously orient attention, retreat participation appeared to allow for the development and emergence of receptive attentional skills, which improved exogenous alerting-related process.

The effects of brief mindfulness meditation training on experimentally induced pain.

Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation

It is shown that a group randomly assigned to 5 days of meditation practice with the integrative body–mind training method shows significantly better attention and control of stress than a similarly chosen control group given relaxation training.

Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners

In age-matched participants, using functional MRI, it was found that activation in a network of brain regions typically involved in sustained attention showed an inverted u-shaped curve in which expert meditators (EMs) with an average of 19,000 h of practice had more activation than novices, but EMs with anAverage of 44,000H had less activation.

Mental Training Enhances Attentional Stability: Neural and Behavioral Evidence

It is shown, with dichotic listening task performance and electroencephalography, that training attention, as cultivated by meditation, can improve the ability to sustain attention and support the notion that mental training can significantly affect attention and brain function.

Meditation can reduce habitual responding.

Across cognitive tasks, when participants understood that the goal was to respond non-habitually, meditation reduced habitual responding.