Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review

  title={Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review},
  author={Ruth Baer},
  journal={Clinical Psychology-science and Practice},
  • R. Baer
  • Published 1 June 2003
  • Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology-science and Practice
Interventions based on training in mindfulness skills are becoming increasingly popular. Mindfulness involves intentionally bringing one's attention to the internal and external experiences occurring in the present moment, and is often taught through a variety of meditation exercises. This review summarizes conceptual approaches to mind-fulness and empirical research on the utility of mindfulness-based interventions. Meta-analytic techniques were incorporated to facilitate quantification of… 

Tables from this paper

Mindfulness and Mindfulness Based Psychotherapy

Recent studies have highlighted the promising benefits of mindfulness-based interventions for a range of clinical issues. The growing interest among practitioners in using mindfulness as an

Mindfulness as Clinical Training: Student Perspectives on the Utility of Mindfulness Training in Fostering Clinical Intervention Skills

Mindfulness training is increasingly being recommended as a strategy for fostering therapeutic effectiveness. We used a qualitative methodology to explore the potential utility of mindfulness

Mindfulness Training and Problem Formulation

Evidence suggests mindfulness-based clinical interventions are effective. Accepting this, we caution against assuming that mindfulness can be applied as a generic technique across a range of

Mindfulness as a way of addressing the deficits in clinical psychology training programmes: A review

Research suggests that there is a lack of focus on developing trainees’ intrapersonal skills or adequately fostering self-care. Mindfulness training may help address the gaps in training programmes.

Mindfulness‐Based Interventions in Counseling

Mindfulness is a relatively new construct in counseling that is rapidly gaining interest as it is applied to people struggling with a myriad of problems. Research has consistently demonstrated that

Mindfulness as a Key Construct in Modern Psychotherapy

There is growing evidence for the benefits of mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches to treating and preventing behavioral health problems and improving overall well-being. The emergence of

Defining an Agenda for Future Research on the Clinical Application of Mindfulness Practice

This article identifies the primary scientific and clinical questions regarding the clinical application of mindfulness practice and addresses the following questions: What is mindful-ness, how does mindfulness work, and is mindfulness training amenable to widespread dissemination.

Mindfulness Infusion Through CACREP Standards

ABSTRACT Mindfulness-based practices have been a focus of research for over 30 years. Particular strategies involving mindfulness have been incorporated into training programs within various health

Mindfulness Interventions.

Evaluated RCTs have demonstrated that mindfulness interventions improve outcomes in multiple domains (e.g., chronic pain, depression relapse, addiction), and opportunities and challenges for mindfulness intervention research and on community applications are focused on.



Meditation and anxiety reduction: A literature review

Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation. Effects on psychological symptomatology, sense of control, and spiritual experiences.

  • J. Astin
  • Psychology
    Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
  • 1997
The techniques of mindfulness meditation, with their emphasis on developing detached observation and awareness of the contents of consciousness, may represent a powerful cognitive behavioral coping strategy for transforming the ways in which the authors respond to life events.

Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students

Participation in the 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention can effectively reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, and increase scores on overall empathy levels.

Mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction: experience with a bilingual inner-city program.

It is suggested that a mindfulness meditation course can be an effective health care intervention when utilized by English- and Spanish-speaking patients in an inner-city community health center.

The Construct of Mindfulness

After mindfulness is defined, a brief history of the research on the topic to date is reviewed. This work essentially falls into three categories: health, business, and education. Considerations of

Evaluation of a Wellness-Based Mindfulness Stress Reduction Intervention: A Controlled Trial

Self-selected community residents can improve their mental and physical health by participating in a stress reduction intervention offered by a university wellness program, and be encouraged to use community resources for stress management.

Overview: clinical and physiological comparison of meditation with other self-control strategies.

  • D. Shapiro
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1982
The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies and pays particular attention to the "uniqueness" of mediation as a clinical intervention strategy a well as the adverse effects of meditation.

Metacognition, mindfulness and the modification of mood disorders

A distinction is made between metacognitive knowledge (knowing that thoughts are not necessarily always accurate) and metacognitive insight (experiencing thoughts as events in the field of awareness,

The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain

At follow-up, the improvements observed during the meditation training were maintained up to 15 months post-meditation training for all measures except present-moment pain, and the relationship of mindfulness meditation to other psychological methods for chronic pain control is discussed.

Images of Mindfulness

This article addresses the question: How should mindfulness be understood? Three views are considered. The first is that mindfulness should be understood as a cognitive ability. According to this