Mindfulness, Eating Behaviours, and Obesity: A Review and Reflection on Current Findings

@article{Mantzios2015MindfulnessEB,
  title={Mindfulness, Eating Behaviours, and Obesity: A Review and Reflection on Current Findings},
  author={Michail Mantzios and Janet Clare Wilson},
  journal={Current Obesity Reports},
  year={2015},
  volume={4},
  pages={141-146}
}
Mindfulness and mindful eating have become popular in recent years. In this review, we first explore what mindfulness is in the context of psychological research, and why it offers promise for eating behaviours and weight loss. Second, we review the main empirical findings for weight loss in mindfulness-based intervention programmes. Third, contradictions in the findings are explored in more depth, and suggestions are made regarding why they may be occurring. Fourth, the benefits of adding self… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Mindfulness-Based Interventions have been applied in different fields to improve physical and psychological health. However, little is known about its applicability and effectiveness in… Expand
ConditionsOverweight and Obesity
InterventionBehavioral
Interventional Clinical Trial
Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve both physical and psychological health, however, it is still poorly studied in Brazil. Mindfulness, or its… Expand
ConditionsObesity, Overweight
InterventionBehavioral
A Structured Literature Review on the Role of Mindfulness Intervention in Weight Control
Mindfulness training is growing in popularity as an adjunctive intervention in disordered eating and weight loss. Lifestyle modification, pharmacologic treatment, and surgical intervention have beenExpand
Mindfulness, self-compassion, and mindful eating in relation to fat and sugar consumption: an exploratory investigation
TLDR
Results indicated that all constructs were negatively related to fat and sugar consumption, but self-compassion did not do so in a univariate fashion, and when investigating subscales, negative aspects such as isolation and over-identification show a significant positive relationship to fatand sugar consumption. Expand
Can mindfulness influence weight management related eating behaviors? If so, how?
  • K. Tapper
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Clinical psychology review
  • 2017
TLDR
There is some evidence to support the effects of present moment awareness, when applied to the sensory properties of food, and decentering, and research in these areas has yet to be examined in a controlled manner in relation to weight management. Expand
How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population?
TLDR
Results indicated that all constructs were negatively related to grazing, but only mindful eating related negatively to current weight, and mindful eating mediated the relationship between grazing and current weight. Expand
Self-Compassion, Mindful Eating, Eating Attitudes and Wellbeing
Background: Mindful eating behaviour and self-compassion have been individually shown to contribute to healthy eating. Evidence suggests that they may interact and that interaction may increase ourExpand
All you can eat Buffets, obesity, mindfulness, and mindful eating: An exploratory investigation
Obesity has been mostly explained through the change in our everyday environments and the increased availability of foods. All-You-Can-Eat-Buffets (AYCEB) is a typical example of the developingExpand
Healthy eating and sustainable nutrition through mindfulness? Mixed method results of a controlled intervention study
TLDR
MBIs with a specific focus on sustainable nutritional behaviors and openly advertising the aim of the intervention are suggested in order to create a common intention in target groups who are looking for ways to put their altruistic intentions into practice, e.g. in sustainable consumption education programs. Expand
An exploration using system dynamics modelling of population-level mindfulness, mindful eating and healthy weight following intervention
TLDR
The study suggests that mindful eating can be improved through intervention, however, the interventions will not greatly contribute to improving the healthy-weight population unless implemented in combination. Expand
Mindful eating: effects of a brief induction in the choice and intake of food in children
In the last few years, great attention has been paid to the mindful eating technique as an approach derived from mindfulness to address unhealthy eating behaviour in adults. However, there is limitedExpand
Dieting, mindfulness and mindful eating:exploring whether or not diets reinforce mindfulness and mindful eating practices
background Research into dieting and mindfulness has primarily focused upon how mindfulness and mindful eating affect dieting. However, the effect is bi-directional, with the process of dieting alsoExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Mindfulness‐based interventions for obesity‐related eating behaviours: a literature review
TLDR
The results of this first review on the topic support the efficacy of MBIs for changing obesity‐related eating behaviours, specifically binge eating, emotional eating and external eating. Expand
Dealing with problematic eating behaviour. The effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on eating behaviour, food cravings, dichotomous thinking and body image concern
TLDR
It is suggested that mindfulness practice can be an effective way to reduce factors that are associated with problematic eating behaviour. Expand
Participation in mindfulness-based stress reduction is not associated with reductions in emotional eating or uncontrolled eating.
TLDR
There was no evidence that participation in MBSR was associated with beneficial changes in eating through reductions in disinhibited eating or significant changes in dietary intake. Expand
Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training (MB-EAT) for Binge Eating: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Binge eating is characterized by significant imbalance in food intake regulation and is often comorbid with obesity and depression. Mindfulness-based approaches may reduce compulsive overeating,Expand
Adding Mindfulness to CBT Programs for Binge Eating: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation
TLDR
This exploratory study supports the value of adding mindfulness to the more commonly utilised CBT-based programs for binge eating, with significant reductions between pre- and post-program scores. Expand
Exploring Mindfulness and Mindfulness with Self-Compassion-Centered Interventions to Assist Weight Loss: Theoretical Considerations and Preliminary Results of a Randomized Pilot Study
This research explored whether developing mindfulness and self-compassion through meditation supports weight loss. The research addressed if (a) mindfulness meditation and (b) mindfulness withExpand
Group vs. single mindfulness meditation: exploring avoidance, impulsivity, and weight management in two separate mindfulness meditation settings.
TLDR
Seeing that benefits and limitations observed in group settings are not replicated when people meditate alone, this study concluded that mindfulness meditation in individual settings needs to be used with caution, although there are some potential benefits that could aid future weight loss research. Expand
A pilot study of a single-session training to promote mindful eating.
TLDR
Preliminary results suggest promising benefits for use of mindfulness training on weight- gain prevention in healthy individuals and more research is needed to understand the impact that mindfulness may have on long-term, weight-gain prevention. Expand
Making concrete construals mindful: A novel approach for developing mindfulness and self-compassion to assist weight loss
  • M. Mantzios, J.C. Wilson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychology & health
  • 2014
TLDR
The concrete construal diaries may promote mindfulness and self-compassion and potentially promote long-term weight loss. Expand
Mechanisms of mindfulness.
TLDR
A model of mindfulness is proposed, in an effort to elucidate potential mechanisms to explain how mindfulness affects positive change and potential implications and future directions for the empirical study of mechanisms involved in mindfulness are addressed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...