Mind wandering while reading easy and difficult texts

@article{Feng2013MindWW,
  title={Mind wandering while reading easy and difficult texts},
  author={Shi Feng and Sidney K. D’Mello and Arthur C. Graesser},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  year={2013},
  volume={20},
  pages={586-592}
}
Mind wandering is a phenomenon in which attention drifts away from the primary task to task-unrelated thoughts. Previous studies have used self-report methods to measure the frequency of mind wandering and its effects on task performance. Many of these studies have investigated mind wandering in simple perceptual and memory tasks, such as recognition memory, sustained attention, and choice reaction time tasks. Manipulations of task difficulty have revealed that mind wandering occurs more… 
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TLDR
It is hypothesized that reading a perceptually disfluent text might require more attentional resources, even if the content remained the same, leaving fewer resources available for MW, and found an indirect effect of disfluency on comprehension through MW, suggesting that dis fluency influences comprehension by enhancing attention.
Studying in the region of proximal learning reduces mind wandering
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The results indicate that the RPL is specific to the individual’s level of mastery and that mind wandering occurs when people are outside that region.
In pursuit of off-task thought: mind wandering-performance trade-offs while reading aloud and color naming
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It is suggested that individuals can adjust the relative distribution of executive/attentional resources between internal and external goals in a way that maximizes off-task thought while preserving primary task performance.
Mind wandering increases linearly with text difficulty
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It is shown that a linear relationship between difficulty and mind wandering exists during common page-by-page reading of pre-existing texts and that this relationship holds across a broad range of difficulty levels.
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