Mind wandering and attention during focused meditation: A fine-grained temporal analysis of fluctuating cognitive states

@article{Hasenkamp2012MindWA,
  title={Mind wandering and attention during focused meditation: A fine-grained temporal analysis of fluctuating cognitive states},
  author={Wendy Hasenkamp and Christine D. Wilson-Mendenhall and Erica Duncan and Lawrence W. Barsalou},
  journal={NeuroImage},
  year={2012},
  volume={59},
  pages={750-760}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Using First-Person Reports During Meditation to Investigate Basic Cognitive Experience

This chapter describes a line of research that seeks to incorporate first-person subjective input into the analysis of meditation-related brain activity and connectivity, as a way to better define

Meditation training influences mind wandering and mindless reading.

It is challenging for individuals to maintain their attention on ongoing cognitive tasks without being distracted by task-unrelated thought. The wandering mind is thus a considerable obstacle when

The brain on silent: mind wandering, mindful awareness, and states of mental tranquility

A theoretical analysis and plausible neurocognitive framework of the restful mind is presented, in which it is attempted to clarify potentially adaptive contributions of both mind wandering and mindful awareness through the lens of the extant neuroc cognitive literature on intrinsic network activity, meditation, and emerging descriptions of stillness and nonduality.

Study of the electroencephalographic correlates of mind wandering and meditation

Trying to focus our attention on any given physical or mental object, we soon re- alize it cannot be kept indefinitely focused and soon drifts towards other thoughts or sensations, a phenomenon

Neural correlates of focused attention during a brief mindfulness induction.

Results suggest that the neural mechanisms of a brief mindfulness induction are related to attention processes in novices and that trait mindfulness positively moderates this activation.

Controlling the Temporal Structure of Brain Oscillations by Focused Attention Meditation

The findings suggest that the framework of critical brain dynamics is promising for understanding neuronal mechanisms of meditative states and, specifically, a clear electrophysiological correlate of the FA meditation state is identified.

Focus on the Breath: Brain Decoding Reveals Internal States of Attention During Meditation

The feasibility of using multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) to single-subject fMRI data to learn and recognize internal attentional states relevant for meditation during a directed IA task and decode or estimate the presence of those IA states during an independent meditation session is established.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES

Neural correlates of focused attention and cognitive monitoring in meditation

Experience sampling during fMRI reveals default network and executive system contributions to mind wandering

An fMRI study that used experience sampling to provide an online measure of mind wandering during a concurrent task revealed a number of crucial aspects of the neural recruitment associated with mind wandering, highlighting the value of combining subjective self-reports with online measures of brain function for advancing the understanding of the neurophenomenology of subjective experience.

Neural correlates of attentional expertise in long-term meditation practitioners

In age-matched participants, using functional MRI, it was found that activation in a network of brain regions typically involved in sustained attention showed an inverted u-shaped curve in which expert meditators (EMs) with an average of 19,000 h of practice had more activation than novices, but EMs with anAverage of 44,000H had less activation.

Attending to the present: mindfulness meditation reveals distinct neural modes of self-reference.

A fundamental neural dissociation is suggested between two distinct forms of self-awareness that are habitually integrated but can be dissociated through attentional training: the self across time and in the present moment.

Mental Training Enhances Attentional Stability: Neural and Behavioral Evidence

It is shown, with dichotic listening task performance and electroencephalography, that training attention, as cultivated by meditation, can improve the ability to sustain attention and support the notion that mental training can significantly affect attention and brain function.

The restless mind.

Evidence suggests that mind wandering shares many similarities with traditional notions of executive control, and can be seen as a goal-driven process, albeit one that is not directed toward the primary task.

Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention

Whereas participation in the MBSR course improved the ability to endogenously orient attention, retreat participation appeared to allow for the development and emergence of receptive attentional skills, which improved exogenous alerting-related process.

An investigation of brain processes supporting meditation

Meditation is an ancient spiritual practice, which aims to still the fluctuations of the mind. We investigated meditation with fMRI in order to identify and characterise both the “neural switch”

Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought

It was demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is “at rest” and individuals' reports of the tendency of their minds to wander were correlated with activity on this network.

Intensive Meditation Training Improves Perceptual Discrimination and Sustained Attention

Improvements in visual discrimination are linked to increases in perceptual sensitivity and improved vigilance during sustained visual attention, suggesting that perceptual improvements can reduce the resource demand imposed by target discrimination and thus make it easier to sustain voluntary attention.
...