Mind the gap: Do proportional electoral systems foster a more equal representation of women and men, poor and rich?

  title={Mind the gap: Do proportional electoral systems foster a more equal representation of women and men, poor and rich?},
  author={Julian Bernauer and Nathalie Giger and Jan Rosset},
  journal={International Political Science Review},
  pages={78 - 98}
Female gender and low income are two markers for groups that have been historically disadvantaged within most societies. The study explores two research questions related to their political representation: (1) ‘Are parties biased towards the ideological preferences of male and rich citizens?’; and (2) ‘Does the proportionality of the electoral system moderate the degree of under-representation of women and poor citizens in the party system?’ A multilevel analysis of survey data from 24… 

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