Mind the Gap: The Location of the Lower Edge of the Pair-instability Supernova Black Hole Mass Gap

@article{Farmer2019MindTG,
  title={Mind the Gap: The Location of the Lower Edge of the Pair-instability Supernova Black Hole Mass Gap},
  author={Robert Farmer and Mathieu Renzo and Selma E. de Mink and Pablo Marchant and Stephen Justham},
  journal={arXiv: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics},
  year={2019}
}
Gravitational-wave detections are now starting to probe the mass distribution of stellar-mass black holes (BHs). Robust predictions from stellar models are needed to interpret these. Theory predicts the existence of a gap in the BH mass distribution because of pair-instability supernova. The maximum BH mass below the gap is the result of pulsational mass loss. We evolve massive helium stars through their late hydrodynamical phases of evolution using the open-source MESA stellar evolution code… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Sensitivity of the lower edge of the pair-instability black hole mass gap to the treatment of time-dependent convection
Gravitational-wave detections are now probing the black hole (BH) mass distribution, including the predicted pair-instability mass gap. These data require robust quantitative predictions, which areExpand
Testing general relativity using the black hole mass gap
The advent of gravitational-wave astronomy provides a new way to probe the mass distribution of stellar black holes. In this work we study the black hole mass gap to investigate whether this can beExpand
High Mass but Low Spin: An Exclusion Region to Rule Out Hierarchical Black Hole Mergers as a Mechanism to Populate the Pair-instability Mass Gap
The occurrence of pair-instability supernovae is predicted to prevent the formation of black holes with masses ≳50 M ⊙. Recent gravitational-wave detections in this mass range require an explanationExpand
Black Hole Mass Function of Coalescing Binary Black Hole Systems: Is there a Pulsational Pair-instability Mass Cutoff?
We analyze the LIGO/Virgo GWTC-2 catalog to study the primary mass distribution of the merging black holes. We perform hierarchical Bayesian analysis and examine whether the mass distribution has aExpand
Formation Channels of Single and Binary Stellar-Mass Black Holes
  • M. Mapelli
  • Physics
  • Handbook of Gravitational Wave Astronomy
  • 2021
These are exciting times for binary black hole (BBH) research. LIGO and Virgo detections are progressively drawing a spectacular fresco of BBH masses, spins and merger rates. In this review, weExpand
Hierarchical mergers of stellar-mass black holes and their gravitational-wave signatures
We review theoretical findings, astrophysical modeling, and current gravitational-wave evidence of hierarchical stellar-mass black-hole mergers. While most of the compact binary mergers detected byExpand
The Formation of a 70 M ⊙ Black Hole at High Metallicity
A 70Msun BH was discovered in Milky Way disk in a long period and almost circular detached binary system (LB-1) with a high metallicity 8Msun B star companion. Current consensus on the formation ofExpand
Properties and Astrophysical Implications of the 150 M ⊙ Binary Black Hole Merger GW190521
The gravitational-wave signal GW190521 is consistent with a binary black hole (BBH) merger source at redshift 0.8 with unusually high component masses, ${85}_{-14}^{+21}$ M ⊙ and ${66}_{-18}^{+17}$ MExpand
Breaching the Limit: Formation of GW190521-like and IMBH Mergers in Young Massive Clusters
The LIGO-Virgo-Kagra Collaboration (LVC) discovered recently GW190521, a gravitational wave (GW) source associated with the merger between two black holes (BHs) with mass 66 and >85 M ⊙. GW190521Expand
Modeling the outcome of supernova explosions in binary population synthesis using the stellar compactness
Following the collapse of their cores, some of the massive binary stars that populate our Universe are expected to form merging binaries composed of black holes and neutron stars. Gravitational-waveExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 143 REFERENCES
The Impact of Pair-instability Mass Loss on the Binary Black Hole Mass Distribution
A population of binary black hole mergers has now been observed in gravitational waves by Advanced LIGO and Virgo. The masses of these black holes appear to show evidence for a pile-up betweenExpand
The first gravitational-wave source from the isolated evolution of two stars in the 40–100 solar mass range
TLDR
High-precision numerical simulations of the formation of binary black holes via the evolution of isolated binary stars are reported, providing a framework within which to interpret the first gravitational-wave source, GW150914, and to predict the properties of subsequent binary-black-hole gravitational- wave events. Expand
Mass ejection in failed supernovae: variation with stellar progenitor
We study the ejection of mass during stellar core-collapse when the stalled shock does not revive and a black hole forms. Neutrino emission during the protoneutron star phase causes a decrease in theExpand
Effects of Rotation on the Minimum Mass of Primordial Progenitors of Pair-instability Supernovae
The issue of which stars may reach the conditions of electron/positron pair-formation instability is of importance to understand the final evolution both of the first stars and of contemporary stars.Expand
Very massive stars, pair-instability supernovae and intermediate-mass black holes with the sevn code
Understanding the link between massive ($\gtrsim 30$ M$_{\odot{}}$) stellar black holes (BHs) and their progenitor stars is a crucial step to interpret observations of gravitational-wave events. InExpand
The effect of pair-instability mass loss on black-hole mergers
Context. Mergers of two stellar-origin black holes are a prime source of gravitational waves and are under intensive investigation. One crucial ingredient in their modeling has been neglected:Expand
Black hole mass function from gravitational wave measurements
We examine how future gravitational-wave measurements from merging black holes (BHs) can be used to infer the shape of the black-hole mass function, with important implications for the study of starExpand
ASTROPHYSICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE BINARY BLACK HOLE MERGER GW150914
The discovery of the gravitational-wave source GW150914 with the Advanced LIGO detectors provides the first observational evidence for the existence of binary black-hole systems that inspiral andExpand
Mass ejection by pulsational pair instability in very massive stars and implications for luminous supernovae
Massive stars having a CO core of $\sim$40-60 M$_\odot$ experience pulsational pair-instability (PPI) after carbon-burning. This instability induces strong pulsations of the whole star and a part ofExpand
A physical model of mass ejection in failed supernovae
During the core collapse of massive stars, the formation of the protoneutron star is accompanied by the emission of a significant amount of mass-energy ($\sim 0.3 \, M_{\odot}$) in the form ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...