Mind-Reading and Metacognition: Narcissism, not Actual Competence, Predicts Self-Estimated Ability

  title={Mind-Reading and Metacognition: Narcissism, not Actual Competence, Predicts Self-Estimated Ability},
  author={Daniel R. Ames and Lara K. Kammrath},
  journal={Journal of Nonverbal Behavior},
In this paper, we examine the relationship between people's actual interpersonal sensitivity (such as their ability to identify deception and to infer intentions and emotions) and their perceptions of their own sensitivity. Like prior scholars, we find the connection is weak or non-existent and that most people overestimate their social judgment and mind-reading skills. Unlike previous work, however, we show new evidence about who misunderstands their sensitivity and why. We find that those who… 

A Comprehensive Examination of Narcissists’ Self-Perceived and Actual Socioemotional Cognition Ability

Narcissists are assumed to lack the motivation and ability to share and understand the mental states of others. Prior empirical research, however, has yielded inconclusive findings and has differed


Theory of Mind (ToM) is the lifespan developing ability to attribute mental states. This ability enables the individual to predict and interpret one’s own and others’ behavior. In this respect,

Japanese interpersonal competences, narcissism and moral affects

This study mainly examined two hypotheses: the first, ba sed on Benedict’s argument that Japanese culture is a “culture of shame,” is that Japanese interpersonal comp etences are facilitated by shame

Solving the (Real) Other Minds Problem

People care about others’ thoughts, feelings, and intentions but can have considerable difficulty reading others’ minds accurately. Recent advances in understanding how people make such inferences

Level-1 Visual Perspective Taking Performance in People with High Narcissistic Traits

Background: Lack of empathy is one of the main characteristics of narcissists. However, it is not clear whether there is a similar deficit in other facets of mentalizing, such as

Interpersonal Reasons for Interpersonal Perceptions: Gender-incongruent Purpose Goals and Nonverbal Judgment Accuracy

Women’s tendency to outperform men on measures of accuracy in interpreting the meaning of nonverbal behavior might be due to such measures being more congruent with women’s interpersonal goals than

Higher-Order Mentalising and Executive Functioning.




Effects of Visual Perspective and Narcissism on Self-Perception: Is Seeing Believing?

Would people still see themselves through rose-colored glasses if they had the same perspective as others do? We contrast predictions from narcissism theory with cognitive-informational accounts of

Mind-reading ability: Beliefs and performance☆

Unraveling the Paradoxes of Narcissism: A Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model

We propose a dynamic self-regulatory processing model of narcissism and review supporting evidence. The model casts narcissism in terms of motivated self-construction, in that the narcissist's self

Unskilled and unaware of it: how difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments.

Across 4 studies, the authors found that participants scoring in the bottom quartile on tests of humor, grammar, and logic grossly overestimated their test performance and ability.

Empathic Accuracy

People are motivated to understand each other's psychological states as well as each other's personality traits. As a consequence, the more traditional study of accuracy in trait inference can be

Gender differences in empathic accuracy: Differential ability or differential motivation?

Following their qualitative review of the findings from 10 relevant studies, Graham and Ickes (1997) speculated that reliable gender-of-perceiver differences in empathic accuracy (a) were limited to

Another Look at Accuracy and Confidence in Social Judgments

This study examined the relationship between accuracy and confidence on the Interpersonal Perception Task (IPT-15). This version of the IPT contains 15 brief, real-life scenes on videotape for which

Interpersonal and intrapsychic adaptiveness of trait self-enhancement: a mixed blessing?

  • D. Paulhus
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1998
Reactions to trait self-enhancement were investigated in 2 longitudinal studies of person perception in discussion groups, finding that all self- enhancement measures correlated positively with self-esteem.

“Just a hunch”: Accuracy and awareness in person perception

Person perception tasks involving nonverbal communication have a mystified reputation. It is frequently argued that nonverbal cues are accurately, but only unconsciously, perceived. This may explain

Accuracy and bias in self-perception: individual differences in self-enhancement and the role of narcissism.

Although the self-perceptions showed convergent validity with the staff criterion, Ss were less accurate when judging themselves than when judging their peers; however, this general self-enhancement effect was dwarfed by substantial individual differences, which ranged from self- enhancement to self-diminishment bias and were strongly related to four measures of narcissism.