Mind-Body Practices for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

@article{Kim2013MindBodyPF,
  title={Mind-Body Practices for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder},
  author={Sang Hwan Kim and Suzanne M. Schneider and Len Kravitz and Christine M. Mermier and Mark R. Burge},
  journal={Journal of Investigative Medicine},
  year={2013},
  volume={61},
  pages={827 - 834}
}
Background Mind-body practices are increasingly used to provide stress reduction for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Mind-body practice encompasses activities with the intent to use the mind to impact physical functioning and improve health. Methods This is a literature review using PubMed, PsycINFO, and Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress to identify the effects of mind-body intervention modalities, such as yoga, tai chi, qigong, mindfulness-based stress reduction… 

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References

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Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in postwar Kosovar adolescents using mind-body skills groups: a randomized controlled trial.

Mind-body skills groups can reduce PTSD symptoms in war-traumatized high school students and can be effectively led by trained and supervised schoolteachers.

Spiritual Wellbeing Mediates PTSD Change in Veterans with Military-Related PTSD

Findings suggest that one contributing mechanism that partially explains how the mantram intervention reduces PTSD symptom severity in veterans may be by increasing levels of ESWB.

A Randomized Study of the Effects of Mindfulness Training on Psychological Well-being and Symptoms of Stress in Patients Treated for Cancer at 6-month Follow-up

The 6-month follow-up effects of a mindfulness stress reduction training program among patients treated for cancer on perceived stress, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress symptoms, positive states of mind, coping self-efficacy, and mindfulness are reported.

Association of participation in a mindfulness program with measures of PTSD, depression and quality of life in a veteran sample.

MBSR shows promise as an intervention for PTSD and warrants further study in randomized controlled trials.

A pilot study of meditation for mental health workers following Hurricane Katrina.

Results of intention-to-treat analyses indicated that participants' PTSD and anxiety symptoms significantly decreased over the 8 weeks of the intervention; these improvements were significantly correlated with the total number of minutes of daily meditation practice.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Heart-Rate Variability among North Korean Defectors

The LF/HF ratio, a standard index of autonomic nervous system activity, can be used as an objective neurobiological index to analyze PTSD among North Korean defectors presenting with various mental and physical symptoms, and the approximate level of suicide -ideation can act as a predicting factor for PTSD.

Transforming trauma: a qualitative feasibility study of integrative restoration (iRest) yoga Nidra on combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder.

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The 11 participants who completed the study reported reduced rage, anxiety, and emotional reactivity, and increased feelings of relaxation, peace, self-awareness, and self-efficacy, despite challenges with mental focus, intrusive memories, and other concerns.

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Post-disaster research and program evaluations suggest that mind-body practices can provide significant relief of anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress, and physical ailments.

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TM may have helped to alleviate symptoms of PTSD and improve quality of life in this small group of veterans and larger, placebo-controlled studies should be undertaken to further determine the efficacy of TM in this population.