Milk products in the dietary management of childhood undernutrition – a historical review

  title={Milk products in the dietary management of childhood undernutrition – a historical review},
  author={Veronika Scherbaum and Mohammed Srour},
  journal={Nutrition Research Reviews},
  pages={71 - 84}
Abstract The present narrative review outlines the use of milk products in infant and young child feeding from early history until today and illustrates how research findings and technical innovations contributed to the evolution of milk-based strategies to combat undernutrition in children below the age of 5 years. From the onset of social welfare initiatives, dairy products were provided by maternal and child health services to improve nutrition. During the last century, a number of… 

Impact of food supplements on early child development in children with moderate acute malnutrition: A randomised 2 x 2 x 3 factorial trial in Burkina Faso.

It is found that child development improved during and after supplementation for treatment of MAM, and milk protein was beneficial for language and fine motor development, while suggested benefits related to soy quality and supplement matrix merit further investigation.

Protein quality in ready‐to‐use supplementary foods for moderate wasting

The controlled conditions of this trial suggest that in supplementary food products for MAM, protein quality is not an independent predictor of clinical effectiveness.



Cow's milk in treatment of moderate and severe undernutrition in low-income countries.

There is a need to perform more studies to determine the minimal amount of milk protein needed to make a clinically relevant difference in treating the 36 million children with moderate wasting, and studies should not only focus on weight gain but also on linear growth, body composition, physical activity and cognitive development.

New concepts on nutritional management of severe malnutrition: the role of protein

There are indications that further clarification is still needed for applying dietary measures for specific target groups, and current dietary recommendations do not differentiate between oedematous and nonoedem atous forms of malnutrition or between adults and children.

Choice of Foods and Ingredients for Moderately Malnourished Children 6 Months to 5 Years of Age

An overview of the nutritional qualities of relevant foods and ingredients in relation to the nutritional needs of children with moderate malnutrition is given and research needs are identified to identify research needs.

The Nutritional Adequacy of a Vegetable Substitute for Milk

  • R. Dean
  • Medicine
    British Journal of Nutrition
  • 1951
The clinical picture in populations weaned on to and existing on diets predominantly or almost entirely of vegetable origin includes underdevelopment, poor physique, anaemia, damage associated with cirrhosis and malignant disease, abnormal values for serum proteins with a tendency to develop oedema, and often all the signs and symptoms of vitamin B,-complex deficiencies.

Undernourished Children and Milk Lactose

Lactose may be an overlooked beneficial nutrient for young and undernourished children and at limited extra costs, lactose or lactose-containing milk ingredients may have beneficial effects if added to food products for undernouredished children.

Effect of dietary supplement of nonfat milk on human growth failure; comparative response in undernourished children and in undernourished adolescents.

In a recent report from this Clinic, it was shown the responsiveness of nutritive and growth failure to milk supplements has been demonstrated under completely unregimented conditions, the only controlled factor being the supplement per se.

Research Gaps in the Use of Dairy Ingredients in Food Aid Products

There is a need for gaining a consensus by the research community and funders of research on best practices for protocol development, outcomes measured, and reporting of study outcomes, and data on the optimal levels of dairy ingredients based on the effective cost of treatment are needed.

The Importance of Milk and other Animal-Source Foods for Children in Low-Income Countries

Consumption of milk and other animal-source foods by undernourished children improves anthropometric indices and cognitive function and reduces the prevalence of biochemical and functional nutritional deficiencies, reducing morbidity and mortality.

Effects of animal source foods, with emphasis on milk, in the diet of children in low-income countries.

  • L. AllenD. Dror
  • Medicine
    Nestle Nutrition workshop series. Paediatric programme
  • 2011
Both height and weight growth were improved, although in Kenya height was increased only in younger schoolers who were stunted at baseline, and milk was less effective than meat for improving cognitive function and physical activity.

American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition: The use of whole cow's milk in infancy.

  • Medicine
  • 1992
No studies have concluded that the introduction of WCM into the diet at 6 months of age produces adequate iron status in later infancy; however, recent studies have demonstrated that iron status is significantly impaired when WCM is introduced into the diets of 6-month-old infants.