Milk production by mothers of premature infants: influence of cigarette smoking.

@article{Hopkinson1992MilkPB,
  title={Milk production by mothers of premature infants: influence of cigarette smoking.},
  author={Judy M. Hopkinson and Richard J. Schanler and Joe Kennard Fraley and Cutberto Garza},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={1992},
  volume={90 6},
  pages={934-8}
}
The volume of milk produced by mothers who smoked cigarettes (n = 11) and control subjects who did not smoke (n = 29) was compared after the delivery of their preterm infants (28 to 32 weeks gestation). Milk production was significantly less among those who smoked, with or without adjusting for age, race, parity, gravidity, weight-for-height, prior nursing experience, customary alcohol and caffeine intake, infant birth weight, and pumping frequency. Each mother maintained her milk production… CONTINUE READING

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