Military deployment: the impact on children and family adjustment and the need for care

  title={Military deployment: the impact on children and family adjustment and the need for care},
  author={Alexander C. McFarlane},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
  • A. McFarlane
  • Published 1 July 2009
  • Psychology
  • Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Purpose of review Over a million children and their families have now experienced the stress of the deployment of a family member during the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Whereas there is an extensive clinical literature about the developmental challenges facing children and issues of family adjustment, there is a lack of systematic research. This review summarizes the findings of recent publications. Recent findings Some veterans develop posttraumatic stress disorder as a consequence of… 
The Impact of Deployment on Parental, Family and Child Adjustment in Military Families
The influence of deployment on adjustment in military families with children ages 0–10 years was examined and parental depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with impairments in social emotional adjustment in young children, increased anxiety in early childhood, and adjustment problems in school-age children.
A clinician's guide to working with female veterans and their children
This manual discusses mindfulness-based treatment interventions and practical tools to guide clinicians in aiding female veterans to prepare their children for deployment, cope with deployment, and reestablish the attachment bond upon returning home.
The impact of fathers’ military deployment on child adjustment. The support needs of primary school children and their families separated during active military service: A pilot study
Unexpectedly child adjustment difficulties were not significantly raised in children whose parents deployed to Afghanistan, and no associations between parental stress, parental mental health and child adjustment were found.
Using Cognitive Behavioral Interventions to Help Children Cope with Parental Military Deployments
Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq are associated with more deployments than in previous years. Recent estimates show 1.2 million school children have a parent that is serving in the active military.
The long war and parental combat deployment: effects on military children and at-home spouses.
Understanding the Deployment Experience for Children and Youth from Military Families
This chapter contains a review of what is known about the stressors that service members experience during deployment, and what aspects of that deployment may contribute to emotional changes for
Assessing Military Community Support: Relations Among Perceived Military Community Support, Child Psychosocial Adjustment, and Parent Psychosocial Adjustment.
The CAMPS is an internally consistent measure that appears to be associated with military parent and child psychosocial functioning and may have potential as a tool for outcome research and program evaluation.
Long-Term Trajectories and Service Needs for Military Families
Current understanding of the long-term functioning and needs of military families is reviewed and it is suggested that overseas deployment, exposure to combat, experiencing or participating in violence during war deployment, service member injury or disability, and combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) all have profound impacts on the functioning ofMilitary families.
Wartime Deployment and Military Children: Applying Prevention Science to Enhance Family Resilience
During wartime, military families and children make extraordinary sacrifices for their country. This chapter reviews the impact of wartime deployments and parental combat-related mental health
Identifying Policy Implications and Future Research Directions Regarding Military Community Support and Child Psychosocial Adjustment.
Although there is a dearth of research on available support programs, there appears to be no lack of services available to military families, however, several steps could be taken to make these resources into a more supportive system.


Psychological adjustment and treatment of children and families with parents deployed in military combat.
A series of case vignettes illustrate the psychological adjustment and treatment implications for children with parents deployed in support of military combat operations.
Psychopathological status, behavior problems, and family adjustment of Kuwaiti children whose fathers were involved in the first gulf war
The findings support the impression that child emotional experiences in vulnerable family situations transcend culture and are associated with the particular behavior of significant adults in the child's life.
Psychological services for returning veterans and their families: evolving conceptualizations of the sequelae of war-zone experiences.
This special issue argues that at no other time in history has more attention been paid to the psychological consequences of engaging in combat, and for the first time in recorded warfare, psychological morbidity is likely to far outstrip physical injury associated with combat.
Effect of parents' wartime deployment on the behavior of young children in military families.
This study is the first to show that children aged 3 years or older with a deployed parent exhibit increased behavioral symptoms compared with peers without a deployedparent after controlling for caregiver's stress and depressive symptoms.
Psychological problems in children of war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder in Bosnia and Herzegovina: cross-sectional study.
Veterans with war-related PTSD more often reported developmental problems in their children, and father's PTSD may have long-term and long-lasting consequences on the child's personality.
Parental Deployment and Youth in Military Families: Exploring Uncertainty and Ambiguous Loss*
Parental deployment has substantial effects on the family system, among them ambiguity and uncertainty. Youth in military families are especially affected by parental deployment because their coping
An examination of family adjustment among Operation Desert Storm veterans.
Findings indicate a number of possible pathways through which war-zone deployments negatively impact military families and suggest several avenues for future research.
Child maltreatment in enlisted soldiers' families during combat-related deployments.
Among families of enlisted soldiers in the US Army with substantiated reports of child maltreatment, rates of maltreatment are greater when the soldiers are on combat-related deployments.
Health-related impact of deployment extensions on spouses of active duty army personnel.
Analysis of problems pertaining to the health and well-being of Army spouses during deployment suggests that deployment extensions may exacerbate certain problems and frustrations for Army spouses.