Military Transformation in the Ottoman Empire and Russia, 1500–1800

@article{Agoston2011MilitaryTI,
  title={Military Transformation in the Ottoman Empire and Russia, 1500–1800},
  author={Gabor Agoston},
  journal={Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History},
  year={2011},
  volume={12},
  pages={281 - 319}
}
  • Gabor Agoston
  • Published 2011
  • History
  • Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History
By the early 16th century, the Ottoman Empire had emerged as a major military power in Southeastern Europe and the Middle East. The Ottomans were feared and admired by contemporaneous Europeans from Niccolo Machiavelli to Ivan Peresvetov. The latter regarded the empire of Sultan Mehmed II (r. 1444-46, 1451-81) as a model to be emulated by his own ruler, Ivan IV of Muscovy (r. 1547-84), and indeed Ottoman (and Islamic, Mongol) methods of resource mobilization and warfare were taken into… Expand
15 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Russian Residency in Constantinople, 1700-1774: Russian-Ottoman Diplomatic Encounters
Russia entered the international framework of resident diplomacy during the reign of Peter I, just as the Ottomans were beginning to reconsider their traditional approach to diplomacy after theExpand
Strong Armies, Slow Adaptation: Civil-Military Relations and the Diffusion of Military Power
Why are some states more willing to adopt military innovations than others? Why, for example, were the great powers of Europe able to successfully reform their military practices to better adapt toExpand
The Strategic Utility of Turkish Special Operations Forces from the Seljuks to the Republic of Turkey
ABSTRACT This research examines the employment, organization, equipment, and missions of Turkish special operation forces (SOF) under four main periods in Turkish history: first, the Seljuk periodExpand
'Westernizations' from Peter I to Meiji: War, Political Competition, and Reform
Radical “Westernizing” transformations in extra-European countries, from Peter I’s Russia to Meiji Japan, are traditionally presented as a response to threats from the more militarily andExpand
The Ottoman fortification of Ganja and provincial administration of Ganja- Qarabagh province in the late Sixteenth century
Fortress as a tool for the implementation of Ottoman military power was necessary for the upkeep and security of the Ottoman rule in Azerbaijan. Following its capture in 1588, Ganja was among theExpand
Strong Armies, Slow Adaptation
more willing to adopt military innovations than others?1 Why, for example, were the great powers of Europe able to successfully reform their military practices to better adapt to and participate inExpand
“Westernizations” from Peter I to Meiji: war, political competition, and institutional change
Radical “Westernizing” transformations in extra-European countries, from Peter I’s Russia to Meiji Japan, are traditionally presented as a response to pressures from the more militarily andExpand
Cash Loans to Ottoman Timariots during Military Campaigns (Sixteenth-Seventeenth Centuries): A Vulnerable Fiscal System?
Scholarship has argued that the Ottoman timar system was an efficient way to provide military forces in a non-monetized economy. As the state granted its sources of revenue to timariot s in returnExpand
L’Empire d’Occident Faces the Russian Empire: Inter-Imperial Exchanges and Their Reflections in Historiography
‘We’ll borrow from your system all which can be adapted to ours.’1 Relations between the Russian and Napoleonic Empires have given rise to so many interpretations over the past two centuries thatExpand
Habsburglar Kara Eflak’a Gelirse: Vidin’de Hayvancılık Sektörünün Dönüşümü (1695-1740)
Bu calisma, 18. yuzyil baslarinda Kara Eflak’taki (Oltenia) siyasi ve mali degisimlerin Vidin’deki yansimalarini konu almakta ve 1695-1740 arasindaki donemde, Vidin cevresindeki hayvancilikExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 90 REFERENCES
The First Centuries of the Ottoman Military Organization
The troop of imâr-holders once established as the core of the sultanic army acted as such even under Suleyman I when he led his troops to field. Ever since its origins the Turkish timar-System hasExpand
French mercenaries in the Habsburg-Ottoman war of 1593–1606: the desertion of the Papa garrison to the Ottomans in 1600
The period from the late sixteenth century has been characterized in Ottoman historiography as one of fundamental change in the composition of the army. One of the features of this change was theExpand
Ottomans, Hungarians, and Habsburgs in Central Europe : the military confines in the era of Ottoman conquest
The Central European military frontier in the fifteenth-seventeenth centuries hides a treasure of military history information. This collective volume provides a fascinating overview to scholars andExpand
Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire
Once stretching from Vienna in the north to Iraq and Yemen in the south, the Ottoman Empire has played an integral role in the history of Eurasia and the Middle East. The dynamics and complexity ofExpand
The early modern Ottomans : remapping the Empire
Situating the early modern Ottoman world Virginia Aksan and Daniel Goffman Part I. Mapping the Ottoman World: 1. Imagining the early modern Ottoman space from world history to Piri Reis PalmiraExpand
Suleiman the Magnificent: The Man, His Life, His Epoch
Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan and ruler of an empire of 30 million people, stretching over three continents and embracing almost all knwon races and religions, dominated Europe for overExpand
The Military Revolution, Administrative Development, and Cultural Change in Early Modern Russia
Among Western historians it is generally agreed that the "military revolution" spurred bureaucratization, and that bureaucracy in turn caused social and cultural change. This essay examines the linksExpand
An Ottoman Statesman in War and Peace: Ahmed Resmi Efendi, 1700-1783
This study of the life and milieu of a statesman, utilizing a wide array of hitherto unused chronicle and documentary material, offers new insights into many aspects of Ottoman eighteenth-centuryExpand
Ottoman Wars, 1700-1870: An Empire Besieged
Contents 1. The Political Map of Eastern Europe circa 1700 2. The Ottoman System 3. From Prut to Belgrade:Illusions of Success & Failure 4. The Austrian-Russian-Ottoman Danube Waltz, 1768-1792 5.Expand
What Went Wrong? - Western Impact And Middle Eastern Response
MISCELLANEOUSBernard LewisOxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, xii, 180pp, US$23.00, ISBN 0-19-514420-1Ninety per cent of this book consists of a study of interactions between Europe and theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...