Military Transformation in the Ottoman Empire and Russia, 1500–1800

  title={Military Transformation in the Ottoman Empire and Russia, 1500–1800},
  author={Gabor Agoston},
  journal={Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History},
  pages={281 - 319}
  • Gabor Agoston
  • Published 22 March 2011
  • History, Political Science
  • Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History
By the early 16th century, the Ottoman Empire had emerged as a major military power in Southeastern Europe and the Middle East. The Ottomans were feared and admired by contemporaneous Europeans from Niccolo Machiavelli to Ivan Peresvetov. The latter regarded the empire of Sultan Mehmed II (r. 1444-46, 1451-81) as a model to be emulated by his own ruler, Ivan IV of Muscovy (r. 1547-84), and indeed Ottoman (and Islamic, Mongol) methods of resource mobilization and warfare were taken into… 

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