Migratory interchange of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) among breeding grounds of Oceania and connections to Antarctic feeding areas based on genotype matching

@article{Steel2017MigratoryIO,
  title={Migratory interchange of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) among breeding grounds of Oceania and connections to Antarctic feeding areas based on genotype matching},
  author={Debbie Steel and M. Anderson and Claire Garrigue and Carlos Olavarr{\'i}a and Susana Caballero and Simon Childerhouse and Phillip J. Clapham and Rochelle Constantine and Stephen Michael Dawson and Mike Donoghue and Lili{\'a}n Fl{\'o}rez-Gonz{\'a}lez and Nadine J. Gibbs and Nan Daeschler Hauser and Marc Oremus and David Cleland Paton and M. Michael Poole and Jooke Robbins and Liz Slooten and Deborah Thiele and Juney Ward and C. Scott Baker},
  journal={Polar Biology},
  year={2017},
  volume={41},
  pages={653-662}
}
Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) congregate to breed during the austral winter near tropical islands of the South Pacific (Oceania). It has long been assumed that humpback whales from Oceania migrate primarily to Antarctic feeding grounds directly south (International Whaling Commission Management Areas V and VI); however, there are few records of individual movement connecting these seasonal habitats. Based on genetic samples of living whales collected over nearly two decades, we… 
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TLDR
This first analysis of genetic differentiation and estimates of gene flow between humpback whales wintering in tropical waters along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the South American continent is presented, highlighting the differentiation of humpback whale breeding populations with adjacent feeding grounds.
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TLDR
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