Migration and Knowledge Diffusion: The Effect of Returning Refugees on Export Performance in the Former Yugoslavia

@article{Bahar2022MigrationAK,
  title={Migration and Knowledge Diffusion: The Effect of Returning Refugees on Export Performance in the Former Yugoslavia},
  author={Dany Bahar and Andreas Hauptmann and Cem {\"O}zg{\"u}zel and Hillel Rapoport},
  journal={The Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={2022}
}
During the early 1990s Germany offered temporary protection to 700,000 Yugoslavian refugees fleeing war. By 2000, many had been repatriated. We exploit this natural experiment to investigate the role of returning migrants in boosting export performance upon their return. Using confidential German administrative data we find that industries with 10% more returning refugees exhibit larger exports between the pre- and post-war periods by 1 to 1.6%. We use exogenous allocation rules for asylum…