Migration, Multiple Sexual Partnerships, and Sexual Concurrency in the Garífuna Population of Honduras

  title={Migration, Multiple Sexual Partnerships, and Sexual Concurrency in the Gar{\'i}funa Population of Honduras},
  author={Anisha D. Gandhi and Audrey E. Pettifor and Clare Barrington and Stephen W Marshall and Frieda M-T Behets and Mar{\'i}a Elena Guardado and Nasim Farach and Elvia Ard{\'o}n and Gabriela Paz-Bailey},
  journal={AIDS and Behavior},
The Garífuna, an ethnic minority group in Honduras, have been disproportionately affected by HIV. Previous research suggests that migration and high rates of multiple sexual partnerships are major drivers of the epidemic. Using data from a 2012 population-based survey, we assessed whether temporary migration was associated with (1) multiple sexual partnerships and (2) sexual concurrency among Garífuna men and women in Honduras. Among both men and women, temporary migration in the last year was… 
How Bachelorhood and Migration Increase the HIV Transmission Risk Through Commercial Sex in China?
The results show that both bachelorhood and migration put the never married male migrants at particularly higher HIV transmission risk by increasing both the possibility of engaging in commercial sex, and the frequency and inconsistency of condom use incommercial sex.
Migration, Social Networks, and HIV Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Involuntary Bachelors in Rural China
Logistic regression reveals that both migration and social networks place the bachelors at an especially high risk of HIV transmission by increasing the chance that they engage in commercial sex, whereas only social networks are significantly associated with sexual partnership concurrency.
The Risk of HIV/STDs Infection and Transmission Among Never-Married Male Migrants in China: Is Risk Attributable to Bachelorhood or Migration?
It is indicated that both migration and bachelorhood increase the risk of HIV/STDs infection for never-married male migrants, and migration also increases the riskof HIV/ STDs transmission across populations and regions.
Critical Population Spotlight: HIV and the Garífuna of Honduras—Comment on Gandhi et al. “Migration, Multiple Sexual Partnerships, and Sexual Concurrency in the Garífuna Population of Honduras”
The racial and ethnic heritage of the Garifuna is key to understanding the current HIV crisis in this subpopulation, which has mixed racial heritages and is at particularly high-risk for HIV infection relative to their nonminority Honduran counterparts.
“I was raped by the broker on the first day of my arrival in the town.” Exploring reasons for risky sexual behavior among sexually-active unmarried young female internal migrants in Ethiopia: A qualitative study
Poverty, pressure and sexual abuse from brokers, sexual exploitation and abuses against domestic workers by their bosses, indulgence in social media, sexting, inadequate knowledge, and unfavorable attitude toward condom use were explored that led young female internal migrants to risky sexual practices.
Implicit attitudes to sexual partner concurrency vary by sexual orientation but not by gender—A cross sectional study of Belgian students
A concurrency implicit associations test (C-IAT) was developed to assess if implicit attitudes towards concurrency may vary between individuals and populations and what the correlates of these variations are and men who have sex with men and women were more likely to exhibit implicit but not explicit preferences for concurrency.
HIV, syphilis, and viral hepatitis among Latin American indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants: a systematic review
The gaps in existing data on the burden of HIV, STIs, and VH in indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants in Latin America highlight the need to improve national surveillance, by systematically collecting and analyzing ethnicity variables, and implementing integrated biobehavioral studies using robust methodologies and culturally sensitive strategies.
Is It the Timing? Short-Term Mobility and Coital Frequency in Agbogbloshie, Ghana.
It is suggested that mobility characteristics measured on a broad temporal scale, as well as the reason for mobility, are important to understand the relationship between short-term mobility and sexual behavior.
Identification of major routes of HIV transmission throughout Mesoamerica.
  • A. Chaillon, S. Ávila-Ríos, S. Mehta
  • Political Science
    Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
  • 2017
The difficulties of ‘living while girl’
  • J. Bruce
  • Education
    Journal of virus eradication
  • 2016


Multiple partnerships and risk for HIV among the Garífuna minority population in Belize
It is demonstrated that reducing multiple partnerships among Garifuna men and women is critical for reducing the spread of HIV in Belize and reinforcing a social norm for partner reduction would also benefit men.
Gender, Migration and HIV in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Higher risk sexual behavior in the context of migration increased women's likelihood of HIV infection.
Patterns and Predictors of HIV/STI Risk Among Latino Migrant Men in a New Receiving Community
Drug use and high mobility were associated with inconsistent condom use with FSW, whereas having family in the household was protective, and HIV/STI prevention efforts should focus on drug using Latino migrants who are highly mobile and should foster healthy social connections.
Rapid Ethnographic Assessment of HIV/AIDS among Garífuna Communities in Honduras: Informing HIV Surveillance among Garífuna Women
Major findings included high Garífuna acceptability to participate in the BSS+ with key member involvement and incentives and Maintaining confidentiality at HIV testing sites is required to minimize GarÍfuna women's risk of intimate partner violence.
High Rates of STD and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Garífunas in Honduras
A moderate prevalence of HIV and a high prevalence of HSV-2 among the Garífuna population in Honduras is found and intervention strategies should emphasize sexually transmitted infection control and condom promotion.
What impact will reducing concurrency have on decreasing the incidence of HIV in heterosexual populations?
A stochastic network model of sexual partnerships, some of which can be concurrent, in a heterosexual population where HIV is being transmitted is developed and used to evaluate the potential epidemiological impact of hypothetical public health interventions that focus on reducing concurrency in heterosexual populations.
The social constructions of sexuality: marital infidelity and sexually transmitted disease-HIV risk in a Mexican migrant community.
Migrant Mexican women's commitment to an illusion of fidelity will hinder HIV prevention initiatives targeted toward them, and the changing meanings of marital sex may make it harder to convince young couples to use condoms as an HIV prevention strategy.
Serial monogamy and biologic concurrency: measurement of the gaps between sexual partners to inform targeted strategies.
The gap between partners is quantified to assess transmission potential using data collected by a cross-sectional survey of 2,203 genitourinary medicine clinic patients in England in 2009 to identify high potential for sexually transmitted infections.
Circular migration and sexual networking in rural KwaZulu/Natal: implications for the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases*
The social and epidemiological implications of widespread circular migration from the perspective of a rural South African Health District and the patterns of sexual networking of migrants and their rural partners are examined to examine the implications of these patterns of migration and sexual networking for the spread of HIV and other STDs.