Midsummer Sunset at Neolithic Jericho

  title={Midsummer Sunset at Neolithic Jericho},
  author={Ran Barkai and Roy Liran},
  journal={Time and Mind},
  pages={273 - 283}
Abstract The tower of Jericho is an architectural megalith dating roughly to 8300 BC, a time belonging to the Near East early Neolithic era, making it by far the oldest known monumental building. Ever since it was discovered there has been an unresolved debate for archaeologists and the general public alike regarding its function and purpose. The main three theories regarding the tower's purpose are that it may be part of a fortification system, that it is a part of a flood-deflection system… 

Rujm el-Hiri: The Monument in the Landscape1

Rujm el-Hiri, located in the central Golan Heights, is one of the largest megalithic monuments in the ancient Near East. Although it was discovered almost 50 years ago and has been surveyed and

Astronomy in the Upper Palaeolithic?

Beginning with Alexander Marshack's interpretation of engraved lines as lunar calendrical notations, a number of highly controversial claims have been made concerning the possible astronomical

Digging Up Jericho

The diffusion of copper weapons during the late 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the Southern Levant marks a distinct transformation of the economy and society of this region, as it coincides with the


The Neolithic, traditionally considered the last stage of the Stone Age, refers to a period of time when prehistoric humans shifted from hunting and gathering way of life to one of food production.

Form and Function of Early Neolithic Bifacial Stone Tools Reflects Changes in Land Use Practices during the Neolithization Process in the Levant

Early PPNB components at sites like Motza, with data from nearly five millennia of Neolithic occupations, show how complex hunter–gatherers and early food producers were able to establish sustainable resource management systems even as climate changed, population increased, and social relations were redefined.

Limestone Wedges: ad hoc Quarrying Tools of the Kaizer Hill Quarry Site

ABSTRACT Kaizer Hill is a Pre-Pottery Neolithic A flint and limestone quarry site situated in central Israel. During systematic collection and excavation at the site, a large quantity of limestone

The evolution of Neolithic and Chalcolithic woodworking tools and the intensification of human production:: axes, adzes and chisels from the Southern Levant

The evolution of Neolithic and Chalcolithic woodworking tools and the intensification of human production: axes, adzes and chisels from the Southern Levant Introduction and cultural background The

Neolithization Processes in the Levant

The Near East is one of those unique places where the transition(s) from hunter-gatherers to farmers occurred locally, so it is possible to observe the whole sequence of these processes within the

River Systems and the Anthropocene: A Late Pleistocene and Holocene Timeline for Human Influence

  • M. Gibling
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2018
Rivers are central to debate about the Anthropocene because many human activities from antiquity focused on channels and floodplains. A literature compilation for the onset of human modification of

Egalitarian societies and the earliest Neolithic of Southwest Asia

  • B. Finlayson
  • Sociology
    Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies
  • 2020
№ Abstract. There is evidence that early Neo- lithic societies in Southwest Asia promoted egalitarian behavior, through mechanisms such as mortuary practices which concealed individual identity, and



Megaliths and Neolithic astronomy in southern Egypt

The Sahara west of the Nile in southern Egypt was hyperarid and unoccupied during most of the Late Pleistocene epoch. About 11,000 years ago the summer monsoons of central Africa moved into Egypt,

Investigations at Ramat Saharonim: A Desert Neolithic Sacred Precinct in the Central Negev

Investigations at the open-air shrine and cairn complex at Ramat Saharonim in the Makhtesh Ramon in the central Negev reveal a sacred precinct or ritual center with a focus on a mortuary cult,

Shifting Perceptions: Spatial Order, Cosmology, and Patterns of Deposition at Stonehenge

The changing cosmological symbolism incorporated in Phases 1 and 2 at Stonehenge is reviewed in the light of new evidence from patterns of deposition prior to the construction of the bluestone and

Midwinter sunrise at Newgrange

At Newgrange on the morning of the winter solstice the Sun's rays shine through a specially contrived slit in the roof, along a 19 m passage to illuminate the central burial chamber. This passage

The powers of rocks: Topography and monument construction on Bodmin Moor

Abstract This paper is an exploration of the relationship between topographic features of the landscape, agency and power in small‐scale societies. In it I argue that topographic features of the

PPNA Jericho: a Socio-political Perspective

  • Danny Naveh
  • Sociology
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2003
A reexamination of the published data concerning PPNA Jericho is used to demonstrate that various building operations, especially the monumental buildings, were actively functioning in several social

The Walls of Jericho: An Alternative Interpretation

Historique des expeditions decidees a trouver les murs detruits par Josue. Reexamen des conclusions de K. Kenyon, grâce a la derniere publication de T. A. Holland. Expose des sequences chronologiques

Has the transition to agriculture reshaped the demographic structure of prehistoric populations? New evidence from the Levant.

If the adoption of agriculture in the Levant increased the rate of population growth at the beginning of the Neolithic, expectation of life may have increased dramatically, and one interpretation given to the distribution of female ages at death is that with the onset of theNeolithic period, maternal mortality increased as a result of a concomitant increase in fertility.

Obliquity and precession for the last 5000000 years

A new solution is numerically determined for the obliquity of the ecliptic and the longitude of the perihelion measured from the equinox of date. For the eccentricity, the longitude of the perihelion

Radiocarbon dates.

late. It is unlikely that Taltheilei (Hennessey) points Taltheilei ca 500, considering respective temporal clusters at 500 to 100 Be and 100 Be to AD 500 in other sites. S-1441 indicates presence of