Middle Stone Age Shell Beads from South Africa

  title={Middle Stone Age Shell Beads from South Africa},
  author={Christopher S. Henshilwood and Francesco d’Errico and Marian Vanhaeren and Karen L. van Niekerk and Zenobia Jacobs},
  pages={404 - 404}
There are two competing models for the emergence of modern human behavior: first, a late emergence in Africa or Eurasia at ∼50 to 40 thousand years ago (ka), and second, a gradual transition in Africa between 250 to 50 ka ([ 1 ][1]). In both models, personal ornaments and art are unquestioned 
Catalysts for Stone Age innovations
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82,000-year-old shell beads from North Africa and implications for the origins of modern human behavior
Examples of perforated Nassarius gibbosulus shell beads from Grotte des Pigeons (Taforalt, Morocco), North Africa are reported on, implying an early distribution of bead-making in Africa and southwest Asia at least 40 millennia before the appearance of similar cultural manifestations in Europe. Expand
Mollusk and tortoise size as proxies for stone age population density in South Africa: Implications for the evolution of human cultural capacity
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Papers in this volume in honour of Lyn Wadley are testimonies of the current status of Middle Stone Age research in South Africa. They also position the Middle Stone Age within broader researchExpand
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Emergence of Modern Human Behavior: Middle Stone Age Engravings from South Africa
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Chronology of the Later Stone Age and Food Production in East Africa
Abstract Evidence from several archaeological sites in sub-Saharan Africa suggests that the transition to modern human technology, marked by the change from the Middle to the Later Stone Age (LSA),Expand
The invisible frontier. A multiple species model for the origin of behavioral modernity
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Optical dating of dune sand from Blombos Cave, South Africa: I--multiple grain data.
The aeolian sand and two other remnants of the sand dune formed against the coastal cliff were dated using optical dating to provide a minimum age for the Middle Stone Age material at Blombos Cave. Expand
Blombos Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa : Preliminary report on the 1992-1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age levels
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